Prussia was an earlier designation for the territory that later became the provinces of East Prussia (previously Duchy of Prussia or Ducal Prussia) and West Prussia (previously Polish Prussia or Royal Prussia), and in 1701 the Kingdom of Prussia, ruled by the Hohenzollerns, having originated from the Electorate of Brandenburg. After World War I Prussia became a Free State, and after World War II it was dissolved. In 1914 Prussia consisted of the "old provinces" (acquired before 1866) of East Prussia, West Prussia, Pomerania, Posen, Brandenburg, Saxony, Westphalia, and the Rhine Province, and of the "new provinces" (acquired in 1866) of Schleswig-Holstein, Hanover, and Hessen-Nassau. In 1850 the principalities of Hohenzollern were added. In 1854 the principality of Neuenburg and Valengin (today the Swiss canton of Neuchâtel) was given up. The rulers were Friedrich I until 1713, Friedrich Wilhelm I until 1740, Friedrich II (the Great) until 1786, Friedrich Wilhelm II until 1797, Friedrich Wilhelm III until 1840, Friedrich Wilhelm IV until 1861, Wilhelm I until 1888, Friedrich III 1888, and Wilhelm II until 1918.
In Pomerania, Posen, and Silesia there were no great numbers of Mennonites. Within the other parts of the state the various groups of Mennonites long developed in regional independence of each other, also in relation to the state. Friedrich Wilhelm I took a very different attitude toward the Mennonites in East Prussia than to the Mennonites in Krefeld. Friedrich II granted specific privileges to the settlements in the Netzebruch in 1765 and to the Mennonites in the East in 1780. In 1830 Friedrich Wilhelm III, after careful preparation, issued a law particularly designed for the Mennonites in the West. But the Order of Cabinet of 1827 concerning the oath was valid for the entire state; likewise the elimination of exemption from military service of 1867, the permission granted the old Mennonite families to do noncombatant military service, and in 1874 the law concerning the rights of the Mennonite churches to incorporate.
The 1925 German census gives the following statistics (total population) for the Mennonites in Prussia:
|District West Prussia||3,120|
|Total Province of East Prussia||3,902|
|Total Province of Brandenburg||218|
|Total Province of Pomerania||99|
|Province of Grenzmark Posen-West Prussia||24|
|Total Province of Lower Silesia||139|
|Province of Upper Silesia||10|
|Total Province of Saxony||176|
|Total Province of Schleswig-Holstein||227|
|Total Province of Hanover||422|
|Total Province of Westphalia||306|
|Total Province of Hessen-Nassau||135|
|Total Rhine Province||1,301|
|Cities - Mennonite Population|
Cite This Article
Crous, Ernst. "Prussia." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 22 Feb 2019. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Prussia&oldid=103313.
Crous, Ernst. (1959). Prussia. Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 22 February 2019, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Prussia&oldid=103313.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, pp. 224-225. All rights reserved.
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