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Zook (Zaug, Zaugg, Zuck, Zug, Zowg), a Mennonite and Amish family from Signau in the Swiss canton of Bern. Caspar Zougck, of Schuselbuhl near Sumiswald, was one of the Anabaptist speakers at the Bern disputation in 1538. Uli Zougg, a preacher in the canton of Bern, was imprisoned in 1644. Those in America are the descendants of the brothers Christian, Moritz, and Johannes Zug, who were grandsons of Hans Zoug, a Mennonite preacher of Signau, Bern, who with others was imprisoned in Switzerland for his faith 1660-71. The three brothers arrived in Philadelphia in 1742 and settled in Chester County, Pennsylvania. The colonial archives of Pennsylvania list seven other Zugs who arrived in Philadelphia 1727-96, but their descendants do not appear in American Amish or Mennonite history. C. Z. Mast in 1942 estimated the total number of living descendants of the three immigrant brothers at 25,000, the largest concentration being in Chester County, PA. Many are members of the Mennonite, Amish, Brethren, or Quaker churches. Christian Zug's youngest son became an Amish preacher and his congregation, near Malvern, about 1795 built the first Amish Mennonite meetinghouse in America. A considerable number of his descendants and also those of Moritz Zug are Quakers. Shem Zook, Mennonite writer and historian, and C. Z. Yoder, Mennonite Church leader in Sunday school and missionary activities at the turn of the 19th century, are descendants of Moritz. The third brother, Johannes, is the progenitor of a large number of Old Order Amish in Chester County. Many of them are members of the John and Daniel Esch families (see Esch). Ordained men bearing the name Zook are found in many states from Pennsylvania to Oregon and from Michigan to Florida, but only in those branches originally related to the Amish: Conservative Mennonite, 2 preachers; Mennonite Church, 2 bishops, 3 preachers; Old Order Amish (in Pennsylvania). 2 bishops, 5 preachers, and (in Tennessee) one preacher. Ellrose D. Zook is executive editor of the Mennonite Publishing House, Scottdale, Pennsylvania.


Mast, C. Z. and R. E. Simpson. Annals of the Conestoga Valley. Churchtown, PA.: 1942: 196-200.

Author(s) John S Umble
Date Published 1959

Cite This Article

MLA style

Umble, John S. "Zook." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 17 Jul 2024. https://gameo.org/index.php?title=Zook&oldid=113887.

APA style

Umble, John S. (1959). Zook. Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 17 July 2024, from https://gameo.org/index.php?title=Zook&oldid=113887.


Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 1039. All rights reserved.

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