Nikoltschitz (Olomoucký kraj, Czech Republic)

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Nikoltschitz (Nickelschitz; Czech, Nicolcice), was a village in the Zierotin domains in Moravia. Under the protection of Frederick of Zierotin, whom the Brethren called "our Fritz," they founded a Bruderhof here in 1570.

In 1602 this Bruderhof suffered considerably at the hands of the soldiers quartered in the region. On 6 April 1605, six horsemen broke in, stabbed one brother and shot another through the arm. At Christmas the Brethren were attacked while hauling grain to Olmütz, and one of them wantonly killed. In the following years troops on the way to and from Hungary fell upon the Nikoltschitz Bruderhof and others in the neighborhood, requisitioned much, and took away horses. At the beginning of the Thirty Years' War Nikoltschitz endured great suffering. On 18 and 21 September 1619, Dämmerschitz and Nikoltschitz were plundered by Dampierre's army; doors, windows, and chests were broken, and many things taken. On 18 October "poor Nikoltschitz" was plundered for the third time, this time by Hungarian troops. Scarcely had they rebuilt and repaired this damage, when imperial troops broke into the Bruderhof on 28 January 1621, and took leather, salt, lard, wool, and copper kettles. "Thereafter they continued to plunder until nothing was left." All the cattle were driven away from Nikoltschitz. The lists of the 24 Bruderhofs abandoned by compulsion in October 1622 found in the Breslau codex, the codex of Braitmichel in Gran, and codex Dreller in Sobotište, include Nikoltschitz; this is correct. Most of the manuscripts erroneously name Nikolsburg in its place, but Nikolsburg was destroyed before this date.


Beck, Josef. Die Geschichts-Bücher der Wiedertäufer in Oesterreich-Ungarn. Vienna, 1883; reprinted Nieuwkoop: De Graaf, 1967.

Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. III, 262 f.

Wolkan, Rudolf. Geschicht-Buch der Hutterischen Brüder. Macleod, AB, and Vienna, 1923.

Zieglschmid, A. J. F. Die älteste Chronik der Hutterischen Brüder: Ein Sprachdenkmal aus frühneuhochdeutscher Zeit. Ithaca: Cayuga Press, 1943.

Author(s) Paul Dedic
Date Published 1957

Cite This Article

MLA style

Dedic, Paul. "Nikoltschitz (Olomoucký kraj, Czech Republic)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 24 Feb 2024.,_Czech_Republic)&oldid=144496.

APA style

Dedic, Paul. (1957). Nikoltschitz (Olomoucký kraj, Czech Republic). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 24 February 2024, from,_Czech_Republic)&oldid=144496.


Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 888. All rights reserved.

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