Nikolayevka was the name of a number of Mennonite settlements in Russia and Siberia, most of which were given German names at their founding.
Two settlements with this name were made in what was historically the province of Ekaterinoslav (now Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, Ukraine). One was that of 1884 in the Santvinovka district, which in 1913 had 289 inhabitants and 6,525 acres of land. Another was made in 1885 (originally called Ebental) in the Memrik settlement, a daughter colony of the Molotschna settement, Gohtsinovka district, Bachmut area, with 209 inhabitants and 2,592 acres of land. The settlers had great difficulties to overcome, but in two years a school was opened, and in the next year a schoolhouse was built. In 1889 a third village was given this name, one of seven villages in the Ignatyevka settlement, a daughter settlement of Chortitza, in the Zhelezyanskaya district of the Bachmut area.
In the Terek settlement in the Caucasus, a daughter of the Molotschna settlement at the mouth of the Sula River, where it flows into the Caspian Sea, was given this name in 1901. Also a village in the Orenburg-Dyeyvka settlement was so named, a daughter settlement of Chortitza, Uranskaya area of the province of Orenburg, which was founded in 1894-1901 and contained 15 villages.
The name occured likewise in a number of Mennonite settlements made in Siberia. One of these was in the province of Omsk, 10 miles (16 km) from the town of Slavgorod in the Slavgorod settlement (formerly Barnaul) which consisted of 58 villages with a population of 13,173 (in 1925). Another was 45 miles west of Slavgorod in the Tchaiatchi settlement.
Dirks, Heinrich. Statistik der Mennonitengemeinden in Russland Ende 1905 (Anhang zum Mennonitischen Jahrbuche 1904/05). Gnadenfeld: Dirks, 1906.
Epp, D. H. Die Memriker Ansiedlung. Berdyansk, 1910.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. III, 255.
Quiring, Walter. Die Mundart von Chortitza in Süd-Russland. Munich, 1928.
Cite This Article
Hege, Christian. "Nikolayevka." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 28 Sep 2020. https://gameo.org/index.php?title=Nikolayevka&oldid=166636.
Hege, Christian. (1957). Nikolayevka. Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 28 September 2020, from https://gameo.org/index.php?title=Nikolayevka&oldid=166636.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, pp. 882-883. All rights reserved.
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