Jacob Adriaensz Backer, born 1608 at Harlingen, Dutch province of Friesland
(where his father, Adriaen Tjercksz, a baker, was a deacon of the Waterlander
Mennonite Church), died 27 August 1651 at Amsterdam
, was a Dutch painter. He was first a pupil of Lambert Jacobsz
, and later on of Rembrandt
, whose way of painting he followed, without reaching the deep penetrating psychology of the master. Yet he was a painter of good reputation and his pictures were in high favor. An "Erection of the Cross" of 1633 is called a master piece. He chiefly painted portraits and groups (corporation and civic-guards pictures). He had many pupils, including Adriaen Backer
. After 1650 the quality of his pictures is inferior to his earlier ones. Many of his paintings must have been lost. He also made many drawings. There is a self-portrait of him, now in the museum of Lyons (France). About his life very little is known; likely he was unmarried.
Bauch, Kurt. Jakob Adriaensz Backer: ein Rembrandt-Schüler aus Friesland. Berlin, 1912.
Martin, Willem. De Hollandsche schilderkunst in de zeventiende eeuw. 3rd ed. Amsterdam : Meulenhoff, 1944: 112-114.
Oud-Holland: tijdschrift voor Nederlandse kunstgeschiedenis 42 (1925): 278; 43 (1926): 289-292.
|| Nanne van der Zijpp
| Date Published
 Cite This Article
Zijpp, Nanne van der. "Backer, Jacob Adriaensz (1608-1651)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1955. Web. 19 Apr 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Backer,_Jacob_Adriaensz_(1608-1651)&oldid=118849.
Zijpp, Nanne van der. (1955). Backer, Jacob Adriaensz (1608-1651). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 19 April 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Backer,_Jacob_Adriaensz_(1608-1651)&oldid=118849.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia
, Vol. 1, p. 204. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press
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