Uckowallists (Ukowallists, Uckowallisten), followers of the Dutch Mennonite elder Uco Walles, separating with him from the Flemish branch about 1634. At first they seem to have organized separate congregations, particularly in East Friesland, Germany, and in the Dutch provinces of Groningen and Friesland, sometimes calling themselves "'t kleinste hoopjen" (the smallest heap). Concerning these Uckowallists there is not much information. In the first decades of their existence they had much trouble with the government, especially in the province of Groningen, where the magistrates on the advice and the insistence of the Reformed Church were very severe against them; their meetings were forbidden, and a few of their meetinghouses were torn down, in 1640 at Sappemeer, in 1643 at Visvliet. On 16 January 1661, the States of Groningen issued a mandate against "Ucowallists and other new kinds of the Mennonites and 'bigotted fanatics'" (Swermgeesten). On 4 April 1657, the city government of Groningen issued such a mandate, reverting to a mandate of 30 August 1637. About 1665 the Uckowallists may have merged with the Groningen Old Flemish Mennonites, but particularly in East Friesland and Groningen the Groningen Old Flemish were sometimes still called Uckowallists in the 18th century. The statement of 1666 that there were 245 male members of the Uckowallists in Friesland refers to the Groningen Old Flemish. Likewise "the ceremony of baptism and communion of the Uckowallists" held at Norden in 1719, described by C. Jehring (mentioned in Blaupot t. C, Friesland), relates to the Groningen Old Flemish.
Cate, Steven Blaupot ten. Geschiedenis der Doopsgezinden in Friesland. Leeuwarden: W. Eekhoff, 1839: 161-63, 223, 315-18, 381 ff.
Cate, Steven Blaupot ten. Geschiedenis der Doopsgezinden in Groningen, Overijssel en Oost-Friesland, 2 vols. Leeuwarden: W. Eekhoff en J. B. Wolters, 1842: v. I, 193, 210, 227 note 1, 285-87; v. II, 38, 43-47, 124, 149, 181 ff.
Doopsgezinde Bijdragen (1876): 39 note 2; (1879): 87 ff.; (1898): 62.
Hoop Scheffer, Jacob Gijsbert de. Inventaris der Archiefstukken berustende bij de Vereenigde Doopsgezinde Gemeente to Amsterdam, 2 vols. Amsterdam: Uitgegeven en ten geschenke aangeboden door den Kerkeraad dier Gemeente, 1883-1884: v. I, No. 448.
Wumkes, G. A. De Gereformeerde kerk in de Ommelanden. Groningen, 1904: 34-40.
|Author(s)||Nanne van der Zijpp|
Cite This Article
Zijpp, Nanne van der. "Uckowallists." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 18 Aug 2018. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Uckowallists&oldid=131466.
Zijpp, Nanne van der. (1959). Uckowallists. Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 18 August 2018, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Uckowallists&oldid=131466.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 761. All rights reserved.
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