Sleutel family

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Sleutel, a former Mennonite family at Hoorn, Dutch province of North Holland, descended from Elder Jan Willems (died 1588), of Hoorn, who had nine children. The oldest of them was Pieter Jansz Lioren; Jacob Fransz (1608-1671), a grandson of Jan Willems, took the family name of Sleutel. He joined the (Old) Frisian congregation at Hoorn, of which Pieter Jansz Twisck was the elder. Jacob Sleutel wrote a number of hymns found in Claes Stapel's Lusthof des Gemoeds. His sister Aechtjen (Aagtje) was married to Willem Maartens Seylemaker; their children usually also took the family name of Sleutel. Among them was Jan Willems Sleutel (1654-93), who in 1678 was appointed preacher (later elder) of the Frisian congregation of Hoorn; the elder of the congregation was Pieter Jans Twisck Jr., who was conservative and ambitious like his grandfather. Jan Willems Sleutel, being more progressive and mild in the practice of ban and avoidance, became involved in trouble with Elder Twisck, and in 1687 withdrew, in the next year however serving again. In 1690 a schism arose and Twisck with about thirty members left the main body, forming the "Plempsche" congregation. Shortly before his death Jan Willems Sleutel succeeded in merging the Frisian and the Flemish congregations at Hoorn.


Doopsgezinde Bijdragen (1867): 51-90.

Hoop Scheffer, Jacob Gijsbert de. Inventaris der Archiefstukken berustende bij de Vereenigde Doopsgezinde Gemeente to Amsterdam, 2 vols. Amsterdam: Uitgegeven en ten geschenke aangeboden door den Kerkeraad dier Gemeente, 1883-1884: v. II, 105, 107.

Molhuysen, P. C. and P. J. Blok. Nieuw Nederlandsch Biografisch Woordenboek, 10 vols. Leiden, 1911-1937: v. I, 1476.

Author(s) Nanne van der Zijpp
Date Published 1959

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MLA style

Zijpp, Nanne van der. "Sleutel family." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 10 May 2021.

APA style

Zijpp, Nanne van der. (1959). Sleutel family. Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 10 May 2021, from


Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 544. All rights reserved.

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