Ludwig X, Duke of Bavaria (1495-1545)

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Louis X, Duke of Bavaria
Source: Wikipedia Commons

Ludwig (Louis) X, Duke of Bavaria (Herzog von Bayern), was conjoint ruler of Bavaria with his brother Wilhelm IV (1493-1550) from 1516 to 1545. Louis was born 18 September 1495, son of Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria (1447-1508) and Kunigunde of Austria (1465-1520), a daughter of Emperor Frederick III.  When his father Albert IV died in 1508, he was succeeded by his eldest son Wilhelm IV.  It was Albert's intention to not have Bavaria divided amongst his sons as had been the practice with previous successions.  However, Louis became joint ruler in 1516, arguing that he had been born before his father's edict of the everlasting succession of the firstborn prince of 1506.

Both Louis and Wilhelm were violent opponents of the Anabaptists. Even before the edict of Charles V they issued a mandate on 15 November 1527, which declared the Anabaptists to be criminals who deserved corporal and capital punishment (Winter, 170-176). On 5 December 1527, the inquisitor Martin Pasensner of Jesenwang was given supreme authority to ferret them out (Winter, 177). Whoever joined them and was caught must die; recantation did not save them from death (Nestler, 77). Louis carried on a correspondence with the council of Regensburg concerning the Anabaptist preacher Würzlburger, and had him sentenced and executed in Regensburg (Nestler, 76-78).

Louis died 22 April 1545 in Landshut, and his brother Wilhelm became sole ruler of Bavaria.


Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. II, 697.

Nestler, Hermann. Die Wiedertäuferbewegung in Regensburg. Regensburg, 1926.

Winter, V. A. Geschichte der baierischen Wiedertäufer im 16. Jahrhundert. Munich, 1809.

Author(s) Christian Hege
Richard D. Thiessen
Date Published May 2008

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MLA style

Hege, Christian and Richard D. Thiessen. "Ludwig X, Duke of Bavaria (1495-1545)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. May 2008. Web. 13 Jul 2024.,_Duke_of_Bavaria_(1495-1545)&oldid=145739.

APA style

Hege, Christian and Richard D. Thiessen. (May 2008). Ludwig X, Duke of Bavaria (1495-1545). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 13 July 2024, from,_Duke_of_Bavaria_(1495-1545)&oldid=145739.


Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 402. All rights reserved.

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