Jump to navigation Jump to search
Cuba. World Factbook map


The Republic of Cuba is an island country in the Caribbean. It consists of the island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud, and several archipelagos. The capital city is Havana. The estimated population in 2009 was 11,451,652. In 2002 approximately 65% of the population was White, 10% was Black, and 25% was Mulatto. The Roman Catholic Church estimates that 60% of the population in Roman Catholic.

1990 Article

Working on the island in 1986 were two Anabaptist-rooted denominations and the Mennonite Central Committee.

The Brethren in Christ began their work in 1953, establishing a mission program that developed into the Iglesia de los Hermanos en Cristo. The two congregations formed have weathered difficulties and were active in 1987 as a registered church.

The Franconia Mennonite Conference (MC), founded the Cuba Mennonite Mission in 1954. The missionaries worked out of two centers, Rancho Veloz and Sagua la Grande, both located in Santa Clara Province in north central Cuba. Numerous witness points were established. Methods included teaching English, home visitation, home Bible studies, and radio broadcasting. By 1960, six missionaries were on the field. All of them eventually left as a result of the revolution (1959). Because government registration was not obtained, any Mennonite Church gathering became illegal. Therefore, in 1987, Mennonite converts were worshiping with other Protestant groups. After Cuba began to permit some visitation, a few Brethren in Christ and Mennonite leaders visited their respective people.

After 1981 the Mennonite Central Committee (MCC) worked through church agencies in Cuba to help Cuban churches carry out their ministries, and to foster understandings between Cubans and North Americans. Examples of MCC work include helping repair a chapel, assisting in refurbishing a Bible study center, and contributing Anabaptist and peace literature to church libraries.

2020 Update

In 1992, the Cuban constitution was changed from an atheist state to a secular (lay) state. This shift resulted in the rapid growth of the church, especially the evangelical wing of the churches. Various groups came to Cuba as a result of this change.

In 2020 the Brethren in Christ Church was the only registered Anabaptist church in Cuba. Most of its churches were house churches. More than 700 cell groups functioned alongside the organized congregations. They had a leadership training center in Palmira, Cuba; Mennonite Central Committee and the Be in Christ Church Canada helped to provide leadership training for pastors.

The following Anabaptist groups were active in Cuba in 2020:

Denomination Congregations
in 2009
in 2009
in 2012
in 2012
in 2020
in 2020
Church of God in Christ, Mennonite 1 5
Conferencia Menonita en Cuba 6 182
Congregación Evangélica Misionera 5 22        
Iglesia Menonita en Cuba 3 50 3 50
Iglesia Misionera Anabautista - Menonita     8 70  8  120
Mennonite Christian Fellowship 1 20 1 13
Sociedad Misionera Hermanos en Cristo 76 3,278 156 6,217 99 4,259
Independent & Unaffiliated 3 23 1 4
Total 87 3,373 169 6,361 116 4,583


Mennonite Church Directory (2020): 34.

Mennonite World Conference. "Global Map: Cuba." Mennonite World Conference. Web. 27 March 2021.

Mennonite World Conference. "Mennonite and Brethren in Christ Churches Worldwide, 2009: Latin America & the Caribbean." 2010. Web. 27 March 2010. [Broken Link].

Mennonite World Conference. World Directory = Directorio mundial = Répertoire mondial 2012: Mennonite, Brethren in Christ and Related Churches = Iglesias Menonitas, de los Hermanos en Cristo y afines = Églises Mennonites, Frères en Christ et Apparentées. Kitchener, ON: Mennonite World Conference, 2012: 20.

Mennonite World Handbook Supplement. Strasbourg, France, and Lombard, IL: Mennonite World Conference, 1984: 68.

"Peaceful waters: the Mennonite church in the Caribbean." Courier Correo Courrier 35, no. 1 (April 2020): 13-14.

Wittlinger, Carlton O. Quest for Piety and Obedience: The Story of the Brethren in Christ. Nappanee, IN: Evangel Press, 1978 : 516-518.

Author(s) Martin H. Schrag
Samuel J. Steiner
Date Published April 2020

Cite This Article

MLA style

Schrag, Martin H. and Samuel J. Steiner. "Cuba." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. April 2020. Web. 19 Aug 2022.

APA style

Schrag, Martin H. and Samuel J. Steiner. (April 2020). Cuba. Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 19 August 2022, from


Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 5, pp. 213-214. All rights reserved.

©1996-2022 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.