Costa Rica

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Source: CIA World Factbook

The Republic of Costa Rica (Spanish: República de Costa Rica) is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the east and south, the Pacific Ocean to the west and south and the Caribbean Sea to the east. Costa Rica's total area is 51,100 km2 (19,652 square miles) and had an estimated population in 2009 of 4,586,353.

In 2011 the following ethnic groups were reported in Costa Rica: 65.8% White / Castizo; 13.65% Mestizo (people of mixed European and Amerindian ancestry); 9.03% Immigrants; 6.72% Mulatto; 2.40% Amerindian; 1.03% Black; 0.21% Asian; and 0.88% other. The majority of whites are primarily of Spaniard ancestry.

Roman Catholicism is the official state religion in Costa Rica. 70.5% of Costa Ricans are Roman Catholics, 44.9% of the population are practicing Catholics, 13.8% are Evangelical Protestants (many of them Pentecostal), 11.3% report that they do not have a religion, and 4.3% belonged to another.

In August 1961 the Conservative Mennonite Board of Missions and Charities (Rosedale Mennonite Missions) sent two missionary couples to establish a Mennonite witness in Costa Rica, eventually establishing the Convención Evangélica Menonita de Costa Rica. A group of Beachy Amish led by minister Sanford Yoder and several families pioneered a settlement in Costa Rica in 1968.

In 2020 the following Anabaptist groups were active in Costa Rica:

Denominations Membership
in 2009
in 2009
in 2012
in 2012
in 2020
in 2020
Asociación Convención de Iglesias Menonitas de Costa Rica /

Asociación Iglesias Cristianas Menonitas de Costa Rica

1,470 20 1,595 23 1,100 24
Beachy Amish Church 264 11 257 10 256 9
Conservative (Plain) Mennonites 45 1
Iglesia Hermanos en Cristo, Costa Rica 3,500 12
Mennonite Christian Fellowship 44 2
Unaffiliated Amish Mennonite Congregations 50 2 81 3 24 1
Total 1,784 33 1,978 37 4,924 48


Anderson, Cory and Jennifer Anderson. "The 'Evangelization by colonization' movement and the Amish-Mennonite migration to Costa Rica." Mennonite Quarterly Review 94, no. 2 (April 2020): 149-194.

Mennonite World Conference. "Global Map: Costa Rica." Mennonite World Conference. Web. 27 March 2021.

Mennonite World Conference. "Mennonite and Brethren in Christ Churches Worldwide, 2009: Latin America & The Caribbean." 2010. Web. 28 October 2010. [Broken Link].

Mennonite World Conference. World Directory = Directorio mundial = Répertoire mondial 2012: Mennonite, Brethren in Christ and Related Churches = Iglesias Menonitas, de los Hermanos en Cristo y afines = Églises Mennonites, Frères en Christ et Apparentées.Kitchener, ON: Mennonite World Conference, 2012: 20.

Wikipedia. "Costa Rica." 2010. Web. 5 June 2013.

Author(s) Richard D Thiessen
Date Published June 2013

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Thiessen, Richard D. "Costa Rica." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. June 2013. Web. 24 Jun 2024.

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Thiessen, Richard D. (June 2013). Costa Rica. Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 24 June 2024, from

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