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Oberschulze (German for mayor or executive official) was the highest officer of the district or county (German, Gebietsamt; Russian volost) in the Mennonite settlements in Russia, Manitoba, Mexico, and South America. Each village had a mayor (Schulze) and all the villages of a single Mennonite settlement were administered by the Gebietsamt, of which the Oberschulze was the head. The position of the Oberschulze in civic matters was parallel to that of the elder in the spiritual realm (see also Government of Mennonites in Russia).

[edit] Bibliography

Friesen, Peter M. Die Alt-Evangelische Mennonitische Brüderschaft in Russland (1789-1910) im Rahmen der mennonitischen Gesamtgeschichte. Halbstadt: Verlagsgesellschaft "Raduga", 1911: 678 ff.

[edit] Additional Information

The Oberschulzen of Chortitza were:

Oberschulz Years
Peter Siemens (1765-1847) 1801-1805
Nicholas Krahn (b. 1754) 1805-1808
Peter Siemens (1765-1847) 1808-1823
Isaac Toews (1774-1831) 1823-1826
Jacob Penner (b. 1787?) 1826-1829
Peter Loewen (b. 1775) 1829-1832
Jacob Bartsch (1797-1877) 1832-1838
Jacob von Kampen (1793-1867) 1838-1841
Jacob Bartsch (1797-1877) 1841-1854
Johann Siemens (1816-1857) 1854-1857
Jacob Dyck (1811-1875) 1857-1866
Jacob Hamm 1866-1869
Heinrich Martens 1869-1872
Jacob Braun (1829-1894) 1872-1875
Isaac Lehn (1829-1896) 1875-1878
Peter Andres (1828-1908) 1878-1881
Johann Hildebrandt (1828-1905) 1881-1887
Franz Thiessen (1832-1892) 1887-1890
Peter Dyck (1837-1907) 1890-1893
Heinrich Froese (1834-1900) 1893-1896
Peter Thiessen (1852-1918) 1896-1899
Kornelius Martens (1857-1921) 1899-1902
Peter Koop (1865-1936) 1902-1905
Jacob Wiebe (b. 1859) 1905-1908
Johann Hiebert 1908-1909
Jacob Wiebe (b. 1859) 1909-1911
Abraham Paetkau (1874-1941) 1911-1914
Johann Martens (1871-1955) 1914-1917
Peter Hildebrandt 1917-1917
Peter Ens 1917-1919

The Oberschulzen of Molotschna were:

Oberschulz Years
Klaas Wiens (1768-1820) 1804-1806
Johann Klassen (b. 1781) 1806-1809
Gerhard Reimer (1775-1834) 1809-1812
Johann Klassen (b. 1781) 1812-1815
Peter Toews (b. 1785) 1815-1821
Gerhard Ens (1784-1846) 1821-1824
Johann Klassen (b. 1781) 1824-1827
Johann Klassen (1785-1841) 1827-1833
Johann Regier (1802-1842) 1833-1842
Peter Toews (b. 1785) 1842
Abraham Toews (1794-1848) 1842-1848
David Friesen (1807-1893) 1848-1865
Franz Dyck (1826-1881) 1865-1867
Abraham Driedger (1821-1899) 1867-1868
Kornelius Toews (b. 1820?) 1868-1873
Halbstadt Volost
Abraham Wiebe 1873-1879
Peter Dyck (1833-1887) 1879-1882
Nicholas Ens 1882-1885
Johann Ens (1827-1889?) 1885-1889
Nicholas Ens 1889
Peter Neufeld 1889-1899
Franz Nickel (1841-1915) 1899-1906
Dietrich Dyck 1906-1910
Gnadenfeld Volost
Wilhelm Ewert (1816-1871) 1870-1871
Franz Penner (1816-1890) 1871
Peter Ewert 1871-1876
Gerhard Fast (b. 1817?) 1876-1877
Peter Ewert 1877-1878
David Unruh (b. ca. 1839) 1878-1887
Gerhard Duerksen 1887-1905
Jacob G. Duerksen (1860-1922) 1905-1916


Author(s) Cornelius Krahn
Date Published 1959


[edit] Cite This Article

MLA style

Krahn, Cornelius. "Oberschulze." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 8 Dec 2016. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Oberschulze&oldid=134922.

APA style

Krahn, Cornelius. (1959). Oberschulze. Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 8 December 2016, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Oberschulze&oldid=134922.




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Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Kitchener, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, pp. 14-15. All rights reserved.


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