Moibanus, Ambrosius (1494-1554)

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Ambrosius Moibanus, (1494-1554), a Lutheran divine, who is considered as the co-reformer of Silesia, Germany, with Johann Hess. In his efforts to promote Luther's teachings on every hand, the Anabaptists, who had been there since 1526, and the Schwenckfelders were in his way. Both had many adherents among the nobility and in the country. Balthasar Hubmaier even dedicated his book (1527) Das ander Biechlein von der Freywilligkeit des Menschens to Frederick II, Duke of Liegnitz.

Ten years later Moibanus wrote a book which he also dedicated to the duke and which attacked the Anabaptists and the Schwenckfelders. It appeared in 1537 with the title Das herrliche Mandat Jesu Christi vnseres Herrn vnd Heilandes. Gehet hin jnn die gantze welt vnd prediget das Evangelium . . . Marci XVI. Denen zu einem vnterricht, so das Predigampt vnd die Sakrament Christi für vnnötig zur Seelen heil achten wolten, gehandelt (copy in Wolfenbüttel). The book reproached the ruler for tolerating the two brotherhoods. The consequence of the book was a heightened persecution of the Anabaptists in Liegnitz, Brieg, and Wohlau, and their emigration to the gravure of Glatz. Now Moibanus set about to persuade Baron Johannes von Bernstein in Helfenstein not to tolerate the two groups. In this attempt he was supported by Melanchthon, who in 1541 dedicated to the baron a booklet printed in Breslau on the duty of princes.


Erdmann, D. "Luther und seine Beziehungen zu Schlesien, insbesondere zu Breslau." Schriften des Vereins fur Ref.-Gesch. (1887).

Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. III, 144.

Konrad, P. "Dr. Ambrosius Moibanus." Schriften des Vereins für Ref.-Gesch. (1891).

Author(s) Christian Hege
Date Published 1957

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MLA style

Hege, Christian. "Moibanus, Ambrosius (1494-1554)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 27 Jun 2022.,_Ambrosius_(1494-1554)&oldid=144412.

APA style

Hege, Christian. (1957). Moibanus, Ambrosius (1494-1554). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 27 June 2022, from,_Ambrosius_(1494-1554)&oldid=144412.


Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 723. All rights reserved.

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