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Jacob van Ossenbrug (Osenbrug, Ossenbroich), not a native of the German town of Osnabrück as has been sup­posed, but probably originally from the duchy of Jülich. By trade he was a farrier (shoeing smith). He was an Anabaptist leader and confessed (accord­ing to the record) that he had been baptized at Münster on 6 January 1534, by Jan van Leyden. But this must be an error; on that date Jan van Leyden was not yet in Münster. Soon after he re­turned to the territory of Jülich to win recruits for Münster. He promised to show them all the mir­acles which God had performed in Münster and threatened that God would punish the wicked world about Easter, when only those who were in Münster could be saved, because Münster was the New Jeru­salem. He succeeded in rounding up a number of persons, including Gillis (Gys) van Rothem, with whom he marched to Münster. It is very re­markable that they are said to have traveled unarmed. At Neuss they crossed the Rhine; upon arrival at Düsseldorf the whole group was arrested and tried on 28 February 1534. The outcome of this trial is not known and further information about Jacob van Ossenbrug was not available.


Bax, Willem. Het protestantisme in het bisdom Luik en vooral te Maastricht. s-Gravenhage: Nijhoff, 1937-1941: 70-72.

Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon. 4 v. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. III, 314.

Mellink, Albert F. De Wederdopers in de noordelijke Nederlanden 1531-1544. Groningen: J.B. Wolters, 1954: 28 f., 291.

Rembert, Karl. Die "Wiedertäufer" im Herzogtum Jülich. Berlin: R. Gaertners Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1899: 372-377.

Author(s) Nanne van der Zijpp
Date Published 1957

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MLA style

van der Zijpp, Nanne. "Jacob van Ossenbrug (16th century)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 24 May 2019. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Jacob_van_Ossenbrug_(16th_century)&oldid=65638.

APA style

van der Zijpp, Nanne. (1957). Jacob van Ossenbrug (16th century). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 24 May 2019, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Jacob_van_Ossenbrug_(16th_century)&oldid=65638.


Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 62. All rights reserved.

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