Delphini, Johannes Theophilus (18th century)

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Johannes Theophilus Delphini (Delpini) was a Jesuit priest who was commissioned in September 1764 by Maria Theresa, Queen of Austria-Hungary, to convert the Anabaptists (Hutterites) living at Alwinz in the Hungarian province of Transylvania. With the help of the government and severe measures, such as confiscation of books, compulsory attendance at his sermons, threats and imprisonment, he tried to make them forsake their faith. In the beginning he was not very successful, but after their preacher Joseph Kuhr (or Kohr, Gor) had been arrested and another preacher, Martin Roth (Ruth), had been forcibly "converted," others followed, threatened by imprisonment or tempted by the attractive promises of the government. A large number of them, however, fled to Russia or Turkey in order to keep the faith. In 1768 Delphini returned; his mission was finished; all but a few who suffered in prison had turned Catholic. Their descendants, many of whom are still living in those areas, are sometimes called Habaner.


Doopsgezinde Bijdragen (1910): 41, 69.

Eichler, Evan.  "A Brief History of the Hutterian Brethren (1755-1879)." Federation of East European Family History Societies. Accessed 15 December 2007. <>

Author(s) Nanne van der Zijpp
Date Published 1956

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MLA style

Zijpp, Nanne van der. "Delphini, Johannes Theophilus (18th century)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1956. Web. 25 Sep 2020.,_Johannes_Theophilus_(18th_century)&oldid=120687.

APA style

Zijpp, Nanne van der. (1956). Delphini, Johannes Theophilus (18th century). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 25 September 2020, from,_Johannes_Theophilus_(18th_century)&oldid=120687.


Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, pp. 31-32. All rights reserved.

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