Conestoga Mennonite Meetinghouse (St. Jacobs, Ontario, Canada)

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The Conestoga Old Order Mennonite Meetinghouse is located in the Region of Waterloo, Woolwich Township, at 1866 Three Bridges Road, about two km west of St. Jacobs, Ontario.

The Conestoga congregation is one of the oldest in the Waterloo region. In 1844, 0.5 hectares (1.3 acres) of land was purchased for 5 shillings and the Mennonite community erected a log building for use as a school and a meetinghouse. A frame church building was constructed in 1853, after the log building was destroyed by fire.

Ludwig Koch was ordained in 1845 as Conestoga's first minister, and John W. Brubacher was ordained in 1847 as the first deacon. As was the practice in Mennonite churches of the time, they were ordained by lot from within the congregation and were not paid for their church service. 

The division within the Ontario Mennonite Conference in the 1880s affected the Conestoga congregation. For a time the Conestoga congregation shared the meetinghouse with dissident minority group. However, around 1892 a conflict arose between the two, with the dissident Mennonites claiming the building as their own. It is said that "one day a man asked the caretaker for the keys, saying he left in the rubbers in the church. He kept the keys."

As a result, Old Order Deacons Levi P. Martin, David Cressman, and Menno Shantz purchased 0.75 hectares (1.85 acres) of land from George and Nancy Hoffman for $1.00, about 0.8 km (0.5 miles) south of the original site. A frame building 9.8 x 18.9 m (32' x 62') was constructed in 1894. In 1925, a 3 meter (10') addition was built, and in 1991, a completely new church was built on the same site.

Conestoga Mennonite Meetinghouse, 2007

The Conestoga congregation provides signing for the deaf when a deaf or hard of hearing person regularly attends, and has been doing so since around 1999. 

In 2004, the Conestoga congregation consisted of around 60 families. No accurate count of members is available for most of the history of the congregation because Old Order Mennonites think of themselves as members of the church at large and not just the immediate congregation. The Old Order also do not see the quantity of members as indicative of the congregation's importance. When people move from one geographical area to another, they automatically “belong to” the congregation whose meetinghouse is closest to their home. No membership transfer takes place from the former location.

After the Old Order Mennonites ceased using the Martins Meetinghouse on the northern edge of the city of Waterloo, the Martins congregation began to meet every other Sunday at the Conestoga meetinghouse. The meetinghouse was used every Sunday, but by two different Old Order Mennonite congregations. This continued until 2011 when the Martindale meetinghouse was built.

See also St. Jacobs Mennonite Church (St. Jacobs, Ontario, Canada)


Mennonite Reporter (3 April 1989): 14.

Weber, Urias. New beginnings: a history of the Old Order Mennonites of Ontario. Wallenstein, Ont.: Vineyard Publications, 2018: 67-69.

Information from the church.

Additional Information

Conestoga Meetinghouse Ordained Leaders*

Ministers Years of Service Deacons Years of Service
Ludwig Koch 1845-1889 John W. Brubacher 1847-1886
Daniel Brubacher 1875-1921 Levi P. Martin2 1869-1919
Ezra L. Martin1 1912-1939 David Sauder 1915-1927
Israel Weber 1918-1952 Elias Martin 1927-1940
Ervin Shantz 1947-1999 Josiah Weber 1940-1981
Ivan K. Martin 1999-2011 Christian E. Martin 1936-2002
Amsey W. Shantz 2011- Dennis Martin 2002-
  • Unless otherwise noted, the dates of service span date of ordination to date of death.

1Ezra L. Martin was ordained to the office of Bishop in 1914. 

2Levi P. Martin was ordained at Wallace and then moved to Conestoga.

Original Article from Mennonite Encyclopedia

Copied by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 1, pp. 668-669. All rights reserved.

Conestogo Old Order Mennonite Church, near St. Jacobs, Ontario, was built in 1893 about four years after a schism separating the from from the Mennonite (MC) congregation. For some time after the schism, the question of which faction should hold the building remained unsettled. The Old Order Mennonites worshipped in the building known as the Conestogo church up to the end of 1892, while the Mennonites worshipped in a home about three miles distant near Conestogo. When the Old Order produced a church calendar entitled "Old Mennonite," the position was taken that they had changed their name, hence had no right to the Conestogo Mennonite church. Accordingly the Mennonites took possession of the building on 1 January 1893.

The Old Order Mennonites then put up a new building about one mile south of their former place of worship, where the have held services up to the present time (1950). The minister was Daniel M. Brubacher (1840-1921), who was ordained in 1876. The minister in 1950 was Irvin Shantz. The membership worshipping here is counted as part of the Martins district, which has over 1,000 members. -- Abraham Good.

Author(s) Anita Streicher
Date Published 2005

Cite This Article

MLA style

Streicher, Anita. "Conestoga Mennonite Meetinghouse (St. Jacobs, Ontario, Canada)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 2005. Web. 2 Jun 2023.,_Ontario,_Canada)&oldid=165164.

APA style

Streicher, Anita. (2005). Conestoga Mennonite Meetinghouse (St. Jacobs, Ontario, Canada). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 2 June 2023, from,_Ontario,_Canada)&oldid=165164.

©1996-2023 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.