Breslau (Silesia)

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Breslau, capital of the former province of Silesia (now Wrocław, Dolny Śląsk, Poland), where a congregation of Anabaptists developed in the Reformation period. It was apparently founded in 1527 and maintained contact with the South German Anabaptist leaders; this is concluded from information given by Hans Hut at his trial in Augsburg, 5 October 1527. He stated that Oswald (perhaps Oswald Glait?) and Hess were staying there (Meyer, 230). The founder of the congregation was probably Gabriel Ascherham, who in 1528 led the Silesian Anabaptists to Moravia, especially Rossitz when they were severely persecuted in Silesia (Jäkel, 54). When they were no longer tolerated in Moravia some of them returned to Silesia in 1535. But they found an embittered enemy in the Silesian parson Dr. Ambrosius Moibanus, who in a book published in 1537 with a preface by Luther, Das herrliche Mandat Jesu Christi, attacked them and the Schwenkfeldians; he brought about their expulsion from various Silesian towns.


Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. I, 266.

Jäkel, Joseph. Zur Geschichte der Wiedertäufer in Oberösterreich und speciell in Freistadt: mit einer Einleitung über Entstehung und Wesen des Täuferthums überhaupt. Linz, Austria: Museum Francisco-Carolinum Linz, 1889.

Konrad, Paul. Dr. Ambrosius Moibanus. Schriften des Vereins für Reformationsgeschichte. No. 34 (1891): 68-71.

Meyer. Zeitschrift des Historischen Vereins für Schwaben und Neuburg I (1874).


Map:Wrocław, Dolny Śląsk, Poland

Author(s) Christian Hege
Date Published 1953

Cite This Article

MLA style

Hege, Christian. "Breslau (Silesia)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1953. Web. 17 Aug 2022.

APA style

Hege, Christian. (1953). Breslau (Silesia). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 17 August 2022, from


Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 1, pp. 420-421. All rights reserved.

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