Augustijn de Backer (d. ca. 1556)

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Capture of Augustijn, a baker, Beverwijk, 1556.
Engraving by Jan Luiken in Martyrs' Mirror, v. 2, p. 165 of Dutch edition.
Source: Rijksmuseum.

Augustijn de Backer, an Anabaptist martyr, was arrested while kneading dough in his bakery at Beverwijk, in the Dutch province of North Holland. He was sentenced to death because he was rebaptized. He suffered a very cruel death, being bound to a ladder and thus thrown into the fire. The exact year of execution is not known, although 1556 is usually accepted.


Braght, Thieleman J. van. Het Bloedigh Tooneel of Martelaers Spiegel der Doopsgesinde of Weereloose Christenen, Die om 't getuygenis van Jesus haren Salighmaker geleden hebben ende gedood zijn van Christi tijd of tot desen tijd toe. Den Tweeden Druk. Amsterdam: Hieronymus Sweerts, 1685: Part II, 165.

Braght, Thieleman J. van. The Bloody Theatre or Martyrs' Mirror of the Defenseless Christians Who Baptized Only upon Confession of Faith and Who Suffered and Died for the Testimony of Jesus Their Saviour . . . to the Year A.D. 1660. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1951: 553. Available online at:

Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. I, 96.

Author(s) Nanne van der Zijpp
Date Published 1953

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Zijpp, Nanne van der. "Augustijn de Backer (d. ca. 1556)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1953. Web. 10 Jul 2020.

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Zijpp, Nanne van der. (1953). Augustijn de Backer (d. ca. 1556). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 10 July 2020, from


Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 1, p. 189. All rights reserved.

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