Annetgen Symonsdochter (d. 1552)

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Annetgen Symonsdocther (also called Anneken van Leiden) was an Anabaptist martyr, who, according to the Leiden Sententieboek (record of sentences), was condemned for heresy on 24 November 1552, and was drowned the same day at Leiden, in the Dutch province of South Holland. In a song composed about her and other martyrs, "Ick mach wel droellijck singen, In desen tijt van noot" (I well may sing with grief In this time of need) (Liedtboecxken van den Offer des Heeren, No. 6), it appears that at the time of the trial Annetgen spoke very freely concerning her belief. She was a young woman, unmarried, and not yet baptized. The inquisitors offered to release her if she would obediently return to the Roman fold, but Annetgen refused and spoke scoffingly that she in no sense wanted anything to do with the Catholic Church and its "bread-god" (brootgodt). She endured the grim ordeal of martyrdom with courage.


Dit Boec wort genoemt: Het Offer des Heeren, om het inhout van sommighe opgheofferde kinderen Godts . . . N.p., 1570: 526, 578. Available in full electronic text at:

Braght, Thieleman J. van. Het Bloedigh Tooneel of Martelaers Spiegel der Doops-gesinde of Weereloose Christenen, Die om 't getuygenis van Jesus haren Salighmaker geleden hebben ende gedood zijn van Christi tijd of tot desen tijd toe. Den Tweeden Druk. Amsterdam: Hieronymus Sweerts, 1685: Part II, 132.

Braght, Thieleman J. van. The Bloody Theatre or Martyrs' Mirror of the Defenseless Christians Who Baptized Only upon Confession of Faith and Who Suffered and Died for the Testimony of Jesus Their Saviour . . . to the Year A.D. 1660. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1951: 526. Available online at:

Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. I, 73-74.

Wolkan, Rudolf. Die Lieder der Wiedertäufer. Berlin, 1903. Reprinted Nieuwkoop, B. De Graaf, 1965:61.

Author(s) Christian Neff
Nanne van der Zijpp
Date Published 1953

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MLA style

Neff, Christian and Nanne van der Zijpp. "Annetgen Symonsdochter (d. 1552)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1953. Web. 2 Oct 2023.

APA style

Neff, Christian and Nanne van der Zijpp. (1953). Annetgen Symonsdochter (d. 1552). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 2 October 2023, from


Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 1, pp. 127-128. All rights reserved.

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