Yazykovo (Yazekovo) Mennonite settlement, located approximately 15 miles from the village of Chortitza, Russia, consisted of 6 villages, 4 of which were established in 1869: Nikolaifeld (Nikolaipol), Franzfeld (Varvarovka), Eichenfeld (Dubovka), and Adelsheim (Dolinovka); Hochfeld (Morozovo) followed. Petersdorf (Petershivka), which had been previously settled, was also a part of this settlement. The name Yazykovo was derived from the name of the nobleman from whom the land was bought. The administration of the settlement (volost) was located in Nikolaipol. The land, consisting of 19,800 acres (Friesen: 677, 23,300 acres), was purchased by the Chortitza settlement for 240,000 rubles and divided into 147 farms consisting of 135 acres each. An additional 2,600 acres was purchased privately (Friesen). At the beginning of the century there were 440 families with a total population of 2200 (Friesen; according to D. H. Epp, Statistik: 61, the figure was lower). Soon the settlement achieved prosperity.
Being located on the edge of the larger Chortitza settlement, some of the villages suffered severely during the Revolution and Civil War. In Eichenfeld in a single night 82 people were killed. Eichenfeld and Petersdorf were completely destroyed. The other villages suffered severely under the Soviets. Many were exiled. During the German occupation of the Ukraine the remaining inhabitants were taken to Germany in 1943, whence some were later returned to Russia by the Red army and others came to America (for details see articles under respective village names). Most of the inhabitants were members of the Nikolaifeld (Yazykovo) Mennonite Church, which was a subsidiary of the Chortitza Mennonite Church. There was also a branch of the Einlage Mennonite Brethren Church in the villages. During the German occupation, 1941-1943, Adelsheim, Hochfeld, and Nikolaifeld had churches and choirs.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon. 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. 2, 394.
Stumpp, Karl. Bericht über das Gebiet Chortitza im Generalbezirk Dnjepropetrowsk. Berlin: Publikationsstelle Ost, 1943.
Cite This Article
Krahn, Cornelius. "Yazykovo Mennonite Settlement (Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 25 Apr 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Yazykovo_Mennonite_Settlement_(Zaporizhia_Oblast,_Ukraine)&oldid=93958.
Krahn, Cornelius. (1959). Yazykovo Mennonite Settlement (Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 25 April 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Yazykovo_Mennonite_Settlement_(Zaporizhia_Oblast,_Ukraine)&oldid=93958.
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