Winterswijk (Gelderland, Netherlands)
Mennonite families found at Winterswijk in the 18th century were ten Broeke, ten Gate, Coenders, Coster, Dekkers, Eppenhof(f), Hoedemaker, Hofkes, Nieuwenhuys, Walien (Walyen), Wenkelaar, and Willink, soon after also van Lochem and Paschen. Nearly all these families died out or moved elsewhere in the 19th century or earlier, only the Paschen and Willink families being found here until recent times. Most members of the Winterswijk congregation, nearly all engaged in business and manufacturing, particularly textiles, iron, and brickyard's, were well-to-do in the 18th century. In 1733 and 1736 they contributed 150 and 95 guilders for relief of the Prussian Mennonites.
At first the congregation was served by a preacher chosen from the membership. Harmen Eppenhof, the last of these untrained and unsalaried ministers, served until he died in 1693. From 1700 the church was served by preachers who received some salary and had some training for the ministry, but had no university or seminary education. The first pastor of Winterswijk trained at the Amsterdam seminary was Pieter van Delden, serving 1786-1800. He was succeeded by A. R. Fink, a former Lutheran pastor, 1802-1834, G. H. van Velsen Coster 1836-1865, A. Snellen 1867-1874, S. Lulofs 1875-1877, P. E. Lugt 1878-1908, F. C. Fleischer 1909-1924, C. C. de Maar 1925-1940, and Miss J. M. Eelman 1942-1955. Since 1956 the congregation has been served by the pastor of Zutphen. The baptized membership, numbering 24 in 1746, was ca. 40 in 1800, 13 in 1847, 19 in 1861, 45 in 1900, 63 in 1926, 76 in 1940, and 150 in 1958. The members live at Winterswijk and surrounding towns.
Until 1786 the deacons, sometimes called directors, always two, were chosen from the married men. After 1786 unmarried men were also eligible. From 1825 until ca. 1920 there was usually only one deacon, who served for many years. Church activities now (1958) are a ladies' circle and a Sunday school for children.
Cate, Steven Blaupot ten. Geschiedenis der Doopsgezinden in Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht en Gelderland, 2 vols. Amsterdam: P.N. van Kampen, 1847: II, 49, 205, 233.
Doopsgezinde Bijdragen (1909): 172.
Fleischer, F. C. De Doopsgezinde gemeente te Winterswijk. n.p., 1911.
Hoop Scheffer, Jacob Gijsbert de. Inventaris der Archiefstukken berustende bij de Vereenigde Doopsgezinde Gemeente to Amsterdam, 2 vols. Amsterdam: Uitgegeven en ten geschenke aangeboden door den Kerkeraad dier Gemeente, 1883-1884: II, Nos 2344-46.
Naamlijst der tegenwoordig in dienst zijnde predikanten der Mennoniten in de vereenigde Nederlanden. Amsterdam, 1804: 69.
|Author(s)||Nanne van der Zijpp|
Cite This Article
Zijpp, Nanne van der. "Winterswijk (Gelderland, Netherlands)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 26 Jul 2017. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Winterswijk_(Gelderland,_Netherlands)&oldid=109504.
Zijpp, Nanne van der. (1959). Winterswijk (Gelderland, Netherlands). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 26 July 2017, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Winterswijk_(Gelderland,_Netherlands)&oldid=109504.
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