Wengelwalde (also known as Wengelnwalde and Wiebenwald; now known as Żółwiniec; coordinates: 54.0754, 19.4311 [54° 4′ 31″ N, 19° 25′ 51″ E]; population in 1905, 281; in 2013, 80) is located approximately 10.5 kilometers (6.5 miles) south-east of Elbląg (Elbing), 25 km. (16 miles) east of Malbork (Marienburg), and 26 km. (16 miles) south-east of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof). It was situated to the east of Hohenwalde.
Wengelwalde was established in 1678. Until 1772 Wengelwalde was located in what was known as Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province in 1773, called West Prussia, in which Wengelwalde was located. Wengelwalde was situated in the district (Kreis) of Marienburg until the end of World War I, when it came under the jurisdiction of the German province of East Prussia. At the outbreak of World War II in 1939, it came under the control of Nazi Germany. In February 1945 it was occupied by Soviet forces and eventually returned to Poland. In 2012 Żółwiniec was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Markusy, within Elbląg County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship.
The 1776 Prussian census lists 29 Mennonite families with 96 individuals, with the following surnames: Bestvader, Brandt, Butthwig, Dau, Engbrecht, Frantz, Froese, Jantzen, Kliewert, Kneiphoff, Martens, Penner, Peters, Schaeffer, Schmidt, and Stob. In 1820, the village had 267 residents, including 114 Mennonites, while in 1885 - 477 ha, 61 houses, and 325 residents, including 51 Mennonites.
Mennonites who were residents of Wengelwalde were members of the Thiensdorf-Markushof Mennonite Church.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Żółwieniec (Żółwiniec)." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 17 February 2013. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=483&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Żółwiniec, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship." Web. 17 February 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Żółwiniec,_Warmian-Masurian_Voivodeship.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 12 February 2013. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=6860.
|Author(s)||Richard D Thiessen|
|Date Published||February 2013|
Cite This Article
Thiessen, Richard D. "Wengelwalde (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. February 2013. Web. 2 Sep 2015. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Wengelwalde_(Warmian-Masurian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=124166.
Thiessen, Richard D. (February 2013). Wengelwalde (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 2 September 2015, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Wengelwalde_(Warmian-Masurian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=124166.
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