|[unchecked revision]||[unchecked revision]|
|Line 1:||Line 1:|
=== Encyclopedia Index ===
=== Encyclopedia Index ===
Revision as of 03:38, 27 August 2013
Featured Article: "George I, King of Great Britain and Ireland (1660-1727)"
George I, King of Great Britain and Ireland, 1714-1727, was born 28 May 1660, the son of Ernst August, Elector of Hanover (1629-1698) and Princess Sophie of the Palatinate (1630-1714), daughter of Friedrich V of the Palatinate and a granddaughter of James I of England. George succeeded his father in Hanover in 1698 and in 1701 the Parliament of England passed the Act of Settlement designating his mother Sophie as heir to the English throne. In 1707 the Act of Union was passed, uniting England and Scotland, and the rules of succession established by the Act of Settlement were retained. Sophie died in 1714, just weeks before the death of her relative Queen Anne of Great Britain. As a result, George succeeded her and was crowned King of Great Britain and Ireland on 20 October 1714.
This German prince on the British throne was especially interested in the oppressed Mennonites in Switzerland and the Palatinate. Shortly after his coronation he tried to aid the Mennonites who, persecuted and imprisoned by the Swiss government at Bern, were finally released through the mediation of Dutch Mennonites and for the most part settled in the Palatinate. George I issued an urgent invitation to the Mennonites in the Palatinate to settle in the English colonies of America, offering them favorable terms for their transportation. To each family settling west of the Alleghenies in Pennsylvania he offered a gift of 50 acres of land and the permission to cultivate as much additional land as they wished without making any payments for ten years, after which period a small rental was to be paid (Cassel, 278). In 1717 a conference of elders at Mannheim decided to accept the offer and settle in America. In March 100 persons, led by Elder Benedikt Brechbiehl, emigrated and were followed three weeks later by 300 more. No further emigrations of Palatine Mennonites took place until after George's death, which occurred on 11 June 1727. He was succeeded by his only son, George II. His only daughter, Sophia, married Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia.
Cassel, D. K. Geschichte der Mennoniten. Philadelphia, 1890.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. II, 72.
Hoop Scheffer, Jacob Gijsbert de. Inventaris der Archiefstukken berustende bij de Vereenigde Doopsgezinde Gemeente to Amsterdam, 2 vols. Amsterdam: Uitgegeven en ten geschenke aangeboden door den Kerkeraad dier Gemeente, 1883-1884: v. I, 2254-56.
Knittle, W. A. Early Eighteenth Century Palatine Emigration. Philadelphia, 1937.
Smith, C. H. Mennonite Immigration to Pennsylvania. Norristown, 1929.
Cite This Article
Hege, Christian and Richard D. Thiessen. "Welcome to GAMEO." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. April 2007. Web. 24 Apr 2017. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Welcome_to_GAMEO&oldid=100700.
Hege, Christian and Richard D. Thiessen. (April 2007). Welcome to GAMEO. Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 24 April 2017, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Welcome_to_GAMEO&oldid=100700.
Who We Are
The mission of GAMEO is to provide reliable information on Anabaptist-related (Amish, Mennonite, Hutterite, Brethren in Christ) topics, including history, theology, biography, institutions and local congregations. Secular topics from an Anabaptist perspective and full-text source documents are also included.
If you have specific corrections to articles or suggestions that should be added to the encyclopedia send them to the GAMEO's email address at firstname.lastname@example.org.
As a volunteer organization we are unable to respond to questions on Mennonite history or genealogical questions of any kind. For questions of that type, please contact a local genealogical society, or check with a Mennonite historical library or archives.
If you would like to make a donation to the ongoing development and expansion of GAMEO we'd be glad for your help! Donations should sent via Mennonite World Conference and designated for GAMEO.
GAMEO is a project of the Mennonite Historical Society of Canada, Mennonite Church USA Archives, Mennonite Brethren Historical Commission, Mennonite Central Committee, Mennonite World Conference and the Institute for the Study of Global Anabaptism