Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, also known as German Volga Republic, was established as a settlement in southeastern European Russia consisting of 10,885 square miles, had a population of 605,542, and was located mostly on the east bank of the Volga, adjacent to the Saratov and Stalingrad regions. The Germans constituting the Republic, largely Lutherans, had come to Russia ca. 1760, having been invited by Catherine II. They lost their special privileges and autonomy ca. 1870. Many migrated to North and South America at that time. The Revolution of 1917 prevented a transfer of the population to Siberia, which had been ordered in 1915. In 1918 the region was organized as a German district and in 1924 as an Autonomous Republic. The Republic suffered severely in the famine of 1921-22. The capital of the Republic was Engels, formerly Pokrovsk. The Trakt Mennonite settlement was located in this Republic. On 24 September 1941, after Hitler had invaded Russia, the Republic was dissolved and the German population, which comprised 67 per cent of the total, was exiled to Asiatic Russia. This included the Mennonites.
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Bonwetsch, Gerhard. Geschichte der deutschen Kolonien an der Wolga. Stuttgart, 1919.
Konig, Lothar. Die Deutschtumsinsel an der Wolga. Dulmen, 1938.
Schkuning, Johannes. Die deutschen Kolonien im Wolgagebiet.
Cite This Article
Krahn, Cornelius. "Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Russia)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 7 Dec 2016. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Volga_German_Autonomous_Soviet_Socialist_Republic_(Russia)&oldid=85843.
Krahn, Cornelius. (1959). Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Russia). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 7 December 2016, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Volga_German_Autonomous_Soviet_Socialist_Republic_(Russia)&oldid=85843.
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