The 1980 census revealed a population of 1,055,800 with 41% African-descent, 41% East Indian-descent, and 16% mixed. The four major religious groups were Roman Catholic (34%), Hindu (25%), Anglican (15%), and Muslim (6%). In 2005, it is estimated that the population was 1,088,600 with 37.6% African-descent, 40% East Indian-descent, and 21% mixed. In terms of religion, 26% were Roman Catholic, 22.5% were Hindu, 8% were Anglican, 6% were Muslim, 3.3% did not state their religion and the rest were divided mainly into other branches of Protestantism.
Trinidad's major trading partner was the United States (petroleum, sugar) in 1986. The nation was moving from a primarily rural orientation toward an urban one, and from an agricultural society toward a technological society. Most agricultural work was still performed with hand labor, however. Primary school education was available to all children, but limited facilities and teachers did not permit all children to go on to secondary school. Part of the University of the West Indies was located in Trinidad. In the 1970s educational and health facilities and services were expanded with funds from the oil boom.
|Author(s)||Richard F Keeler|
Cite This Article
Keeler, Richard F. "Trinidad and Tobago." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1990. Web. 10 Jul 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Trinidad_and_Tobago&oldid=93762.
Keeler, Richard F. (1990). Trinidad and Tobago. Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 10 July 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Trinidad_and_Tobago&oldid=93762.
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