Revision as of 19:35, 20 August 2013 by GameoAdmin (Talk | contribs)

Jump to: navigation, search
Source: CIA World Factbook CIA World Factbook
Source: Wikipedia Commons Wikipedia Commons
Source: Wikipedia Commons Wikipedia Commons
Syria, including Lebanon, which is now a separate political unit, is a land of historic importance on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Damascus, its ancient capital, and Antioch were centers for the beginning and spread of Gentile Christianity. Judaism, Christianity, and Mohammedanism have been the three predominant religions. In modern times both Roman Catholicismand Protestantism have been active in missionary attempts to revive the old churches. Mennonites have been related to this area through the work of the United Orphanage and Mission, which was begun in 1898 by the Mennonite Brethren in Christ(MBC) among Armenians at Hadjin, Turkey, and Near East Relief. During World War I missionaries were forced to leave Turkey; thousands of Armenians lost their lives, while the remainder fled or were deported. Refugee camps were set up in Damascus, Aleppo, and Beirut, from which Armenians were gradually settled in the cities of Syria. To serve these people the United Orphanage and Mission Societyreturned missionaries for work in Syria. A staff of four to six was maintained in 1923-1938; World War II again stopped operations. During this period relief and missionary work was carried on in association with the Spiritual Brotherhood, a group of Armenian Christians under the leadership of Abraham Sefarian. Churches were started in six cities, Alexandretta, Damascus, Kirik Khan, Latakie, Aleppo, and Beirut, with a membership eventually of one thousand. On the departure of the missionaries in 1938 the churches continued independent work. In 1957 the United Missionary Church(formerly MBC) again sent three missionaries to assist in the indigenous work being carried on by Samuel Doctorian in Beirut.

In 1919-1921, the Mennonite Relief Commission for War Sufferers (Mennonite Church) co-operated with the Near East Relief, which had been organized in November 1915, in relief work in Syria, with workers serving at Beirut, Aleppo, Mardin, and other places. (See Relief Work.)

In 1957 Menno Travel Service opened a Near East office at Beirut, Lebanon.


Storms, What Hath God Wrought. Springfield Ohio: 1948.

Author(s) S. F Pannabecker
Date Published 1959

Cite This Article

MLA style

Pannabecker, S. F. "Syria." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 26 May 2016.

APA style

Pannabecker, S. F. (1959). Syria. Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 26 May 2016, from

Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 678. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.

©1996-2016 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.