A Mennonite family name, Swartzendruber is Swiss in origin and may mean "seller of black grapes." In the early 1700s a family Bible used the spelling Schwarzentraub. This is one of the earliest known occurrences of the name. The Schwartzendrubers originally belonged to the Amish branch of the Mennonites. Among the Swiss Brethren leaving Switzerland for the Netherlands in 1711 there was a Hans Schwartzentrub, of Trub(?), who, however, left the ship at Mannheim. A Christian Schwartztrauben is mentioned in the Dutch Naamlijst of 1767-1802 as a preacher at the Weissemheim am Berg congregation (Amish) in the duchy of Leiningen, Germany. Bäntz Schwarztrauben was a preacher of the Amish church of Waldeck starting in 1775. A Christian Schwarztrauben, also Amish and by marriage related to the Gingerich family, lived at Mengeringhausen near Kassel and had taken over the "Galgenmühle" from Simon Roth.
According to a family tradition the first American Swartzendrubers were emigrants from Waldeck. The first-known immigrations occurred soon after 1800, when settlements were made in Ontario and Pennsylvania near Somerset and Berlin. Soon, however, migrations to points farther west resulted in comparatively few residents remaining in Pennsylvania. The name has been most prominent in Ontario, Maryland, Delaware, Ohio, Indiana and Iowa. Prominent Mennonite personalities who bore this name include Jacob J. Schwartzendruber of Waldeck (Germany), Pennsylvania, and Iowa; Jacob Frederick and Joseph Schwartzendruber of Iowa; and Solomon Swartzendruber of Michigan.
In addition to the ten preachers bearing the name Swartzendruber in 1958 there were also seven Mennonite Church (MC) bishops: A. Lloyd Swartzendruber, John Y. and Morris E. Swartzendruber of Kalona, Iowa, Elmer G. Swartzentruber of Wellman, Iowa, Alva R. Swartzendruber of Hydro, OK, Amos Swartzentruber of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and Emanuel Swartzendruber of Pigeon, Michigan. There were also nine Old Order Amish ministers in Ohio, Delaware, Indiana, and Iowa bearing the name. A very conservative group of the Old Order Amish near Dalton, Wayne County, Ohio, has been called the Swartzentruber Amish. A booklet called Documents Relating to Bishop Jacob Schwarzendruber (1800-1868) is one of the genealogies that has been printed.
Müller, Ernst. Geschichte der Bernischen Täufer. Frauenfeld, 1895: 307.
Naamlijst der tegenwoordig in dienst zijnde predikanten der Mennoniten in de vereenigde Nederlanden. Amsterdam, 1731, 1743, 1755, etc.
Peter Swartzendruber and Wilmina Eash Genealogy. Westmoreland, NY, 1956.
|Author(s)||Elmer G. Swartzentruber|
|Nanne van der Zijpp|
 Cite This Article
Swartzentruber, Elmer G. and Nanne van der Zijpp. "Swartzendruber (Swartzentruber, Swartzendrover Swartzendruver, Schwartzentruber, Schwartzendruber, Schwarzentruber, Schwarzentruver, Schwarztrauber, Schwarzentraub) family." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 11 Jul 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Swartzendruber_(Swartzentruber,_Swartzendrover_Swartzendruver,_Schwartzentruber,_Schwartzendruber,_Schwarzentruber,_Schwarzentruver,_Schwarztrauber,_Schwarzentraub)_family&oldid=119609.
Swartzentruber, Elmer G. and Nanne van der Zijpp. (1959). Swartzendruber (Swartzentruber, Swartzendrover Swartzendruver, Schwartzentruber, Schwartzendruber, Schwarzentruber, Schwarzentruver, Schwarztrauber, Schwarzentraub) family. Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 11 July 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Swartzendruber_(Swartzentruber,_Swartzendrover_Swartzendruver,_Schwartzentruber,_Schwartzendruber,_Schwarzentruber,_Schwarzentruver,_Schwarztrauber,_Schwarzentraub)_family&oldid=119609.
Herald Press website.
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