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Defiance of Simon de Kramer, Bergen op Zoom, 1553. Engraving by Jan Luiken in Martyrs Mirror, v. 2, p. 149 of Dutch edition. Scan provided by [http://www.bethelks.edu/mla/holdings/scans/martyrsmirror/ Mennonite Library and Archives]
Simon den Kramer (Simon the Shopkeeper), an Anabaptist martyr, burned at the stake in 1553 (exact date unknown) outside the town of Bergen op Zoom, Dutch province of North Brabant. Van Braght's Martyrs' Mirror, which is the only source concerning this martyr, relates that Simon was a market vendor (kramer), and while standing near his stall refused to give homage to the Roman Catholic "idol" (probably the Holy Sacrament passing in a procession), whereupon he was arrested. Van Braght also relates that the sheriff (drossaert), upon coming home from the execution, fell ill and died soon after, filled with doubt whether Simon's execution was just.

Bibliography

Braght, Thieleman J. van. Het Bloedigh Tooneel of Martelaers Spiegel der Doopsgesinde of Weereloose Christenen, Die om 't getuygenis van Jesus haren Salighmaker geleden hebben ende gedood zijn van Christi tijd of tot desen tijd toe. Den Tweeden Druk. Amsterdam: Hieronymus Sweerts, …, 1685: Part II, 149.

Braght, Thieleman J. van. The Bloody Theatre or Martyrs' Mirror of the Defenseless Christians Who Baptized Only upon Confession of Faith and Who Suffered and Died for the Testimony of Jesus Their Saviour . . . to the Year A.D. 1660. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1951: 540. Available online at: http://www.homecomers.org/mirror/index.htm.


Author(s) Nanne van der Zijpp
Date Published 1959


Cite This Article

MLA style

van der Zijpp, Nanne. "Simon den Kramer (d. 1553)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 24 Apr 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Simon_den_Kramer_(d._1553)&oldid=96428.

APA style

van der Zijpp, Nanne. (1959). Simon den Kramer (d. 1553). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 24 April 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Simon_den_Kramer_(d._1553)&oldid=96428.




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Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 528. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.


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