From GAMEO
Revision as of 14:49, 23 August 2013 by GameoAdmin (Talk | contribs)


Jump to: navigation, search
Scharpau (Szkarpawa, Poland) Source: Wikipedia Commons
Scharpau, located between the Vistula and the Nogat rivers near the Baltic Coast, was an area settled by Dutch Mennonites from Danzig. By 1590 Mennonites had already located in this area. In 1618 Jacob Jantzen from Emden settled in Beyershorst. Other places settled here at this time were Altebabke, Jankendorf, Kalteherberge, and Tiegenort

There was also a village within this area named Scharpau. Scharpau (now known as Szkarpawa; coordinates: 54.263889, 19.070278 [54° 15′ 50″ N, 19° 4′ 13″ E]; population in 1905, 85; in 2012, 70) lies approximately 7 kilometres (4 miles) north-west of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof), 23 km (14 mi.) north-west of Elbląg (Elbing), 26 km (16 mi.) north of Malbork (Marienburg), and 31 km (19 mi.) east of the regional capital Gdańsk (Danzig).  

Scharpau was founded in 1342. Until 1772 Scharpau was located in what was known as Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province in 1773, called West Prussia, in which Scharpau was located. Scharpau was situated in the district (Kreis) of Marienburg until the establishment of the Free City of Danzig in 1920. The village came under the control of Nazi Germany during World War II until February 1945, when it was occupied by Soviet forces and returned to Poland. Today Scharpau is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Stegna, within Nowy Dwór Gdański County, Pomeranian Voivodeship.

In 1935 there were three Mennonite families living in Scharpau with the following surnames: Heidebrecht, Hübert, and Lickfett.

Mennonites in Scharpau were members of the Tiegenhagen Mennonite Church.

Bibliography

"Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Hans-Jürgen Wolf. Web. 29 September 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de.

Penner, Horst. Ansiedlung mennonitischer Niederländer im Weichselmündungsgebiet von der Mitte des 16. Jahrhunderts bis zum Beginn der preussischen Zeit. Weierhof, 1940: 37-43.

Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Szkarpawa." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 6 December 2012. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=453&lang=en.

Wikipedia. "Szkarpawa, Pomeranian Voivodeship." Web. 30 September 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Szkarpawa,_Pomeranian_Voivodeship.

Maps

Map:Szkarpawa (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)


Author(s) Cornelius Krahn
Richard D. Thiessen
Date Published December 2012


Cite This Article

MLA style

Krahn, Cornelius and Richard D. Thiessen. "Scharpau (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. December 2012. Web. 19 Sep 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Scharpau_(Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=96342.

APA style

Krahn, Cornelius and Richard D. Thiessen. (December 2012). Scharpau (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 19 September 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Scharpau_(Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=96342.




Hpbuttns.gif
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 1120. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.


©1996-2014 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.