Schönhorst (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)
Schönhorst (Schoenhorst; now known as Gniazdowo; coordinates: 54.19383, 18.924722 [54° 11′ 37″ N, 18° 55′ 28″ E]; population in 1905, 410; population in 2012, 262), is located approximately 4 kilometres (2 miles) south-west of Ostaszewo, 13 km (8 mi.) west of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof), and 27 km (17 mi.) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk (Danzig).
Schönhorst was first mentioned in historical documents in 1333 and received Chełmno rights (Kulm Law, a legal constitution for a municipal form of government) in 1349 from Heinrich Dusemer von Arfberg, the Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights. Until 1772 Schönhorst was part of the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province in 1773, called West Prussia, in which Schönhorst was located. Schönhorst was situated in the district (Kreis) of Marienburg until the establishment of the Free City of Danzig in 1920. The village came under the control of Nazi Germany during World War II until February 1945, when it was occupied by Soviet forces and returned to Poland. In 2012 Schönhorst (now Gniazdowo) was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Ostaszewo, within Nowy Dwór Gdański County, Pomeranian Voivodeship.
In 1772, farms belonged to 8 Mennonites and 4 other owners. The Prussian census of 1776 lists ten Mennonite families in Schönhorst with the following surnames: Dau, Dick, Epp, Fast, Harder, Penner, Regehr, and Wiebe. In 1820, the village had 294 residents, including 43 Mennonites. In 1885, the village had 442 residents, including 45 Mennonites.
The Flemish Mennonites of Schönhorst, who comprised the majority of Mennonites in Schönhorst in the late 18th century, were members of the Ladekopp Mennonite Church while the minority Frisian Mennonites were members of the Orlofferfelde Mennonite Church.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Gniazdowo." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 18 October 2012. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=324&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Gniazdowo, Pomeranian Voivodeship." Web. 18 October 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gniazdowo,_Pomeranian_Voivodeship.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 18 October 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=5930.
|Author(s)||Richard D Thiessen|
|Date Published||October 2012|
Cite This Article
Thiessen, Richard D. "Schönhorst (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. October 2012. Web. 24 May 2018. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Sch%C3%B6nhorst_(Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=96357.
Thiessen, Richard D. (October 2012). Schönhorst (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 24 May 2018, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Sch%C3%B6nhorst_(Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=96357.
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