Schönau (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)
Schönau (also known as Schoenau, Schonaw, Sonowo, Szonowo, and Sojanowo; now known as Kraśniewo; coordinates: 54.0123, 18.968 [54° 00′ 44″ N, 18° 58′ 04″ E]; population in 1905, 313; in 2012, 230) is located approximately 5 kilometres (3 miles) south-west of Malbork (Marienburg), 25 km (15 mi.) south-west of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof), and 45 km (28 mi.) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk (Danzig).
Schönau received its charter in 1321. Until 1772 Schönau was located in what was known as Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province in 1773, called West Prussia, in which Schönau was located. Schönau was situated in the district (Kreis) of Marienburg until the establishment of the Free City of Danzig in 1920. The village came under the control of Nazi Germany during World War II until February 1945, when it was occupied by Soviet forces and returned to Poland. In 2012 Schönau (now Kraśniewo) was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Malbork, within Malbork County, Pomeranian Voivodeship.
The 1776 Prussian census lists six Mennonite families, including 37 individuals, with the following surnames: Braun, Dick, Suckau, and Wiens. In 1820, the village had 229 residents, including 27 Mennonites. In 1936 there were four Mennonite families comprised of 15 individuals living in Schönau that were members of the Heubuden Mennonite Church, with the following surnames: Fieguth, Wiebe, and Wiens.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Kraśniewo." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 17 December 2012. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=365&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Kraśniewo, Pomeranian Voivodeship." Web. 17 December 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kraśniewo,_Pomeranian_Voivodeship.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 17 December 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=5897.
|Author(s)||Richard D Thiessen|
|Date Published||December 2012|
Cite This Article
Thiessen, Richard D. "Schönau (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. December 2012. Web. 24 Nov 2017. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Sch%C3%B6nau_(Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=96355.
Thiessen, Richard D. (December 2012). Schönau (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 24 November 2017, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Sch%C3%B6nau_(Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=96355.
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