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Rheingau, an area in the government district of Wiesbaden, formerly Nassau, Germany. As early as 1537 there was an Anabaptist congregation at Lorch, led by a bishop, Peter Nyerup of Calcar. Toward the end of the 18th century Amish families settled here around Eltville, the principal town of the area, but left after 1880. The Dutch [[Naamlijst der tegenwoordig in dienst zijnde predikanten der Mennoniten in de Vereenigde Nederlanden|Naamlijst]] (1765 ff.) names as preachers: Bäntz Güngerich in the Nassau-Siegen congregation; Valentin Dahlem and David Steiner in the Nassau-Usingen congregation (Mosbach near Wiesbaden); Peter Schantz, Hans Naftziger, and Peter Unsicher in the Nassau-Weilburg congregation. About 1830 a family of eight was living at the Eberbach monastery and another of the same size at Neuhof. In 1894 Spielmann (Annalen, 143) listed the following families: at Massenheim a Müller family of six; at Eschborn three families, 22 persons, named Dahlem, Hiestand, and Christoph; at Schafhof a Krehbiel (Staufer) family of five; at Wiesbaden three families, 16 persons, named Dahlem, Hüttwohl, and Steiner; at Rosenkoppel the Dahlem family of eight; at Schierstein a Gossmann family of seven; at Mosbach three families, 18 persons, named Borkholder, Kopper, and Kaltwasser. The statistics of Hesse-Nassau show for the Rheingau 22 Mennonites (Amish) in 1871, 29 in 1880, 6 in 1890, 5 in 1910, and one in 1925.

Bibliography

Correll, Ernst. Das schweizerische Taüfermennonitentum. Tübingen, 1925: 131 f.

Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. III, 487.

Mennonitische Blätter (1895): 19-21, 27-29, 36 f.

Naamlijst der tegenwoordig in dienst zijnde predikanten der Mennoniten in de vereenigde Nederlanden. Amsterdam. (Issues of 1765-1802).

Roth, F. W. E. "Zur Geschichte der Wiedertäufer am Mittelrhein, insbesonders im Rheingau." Mennonitische Blätter (1893): 89-91.

Spielmann, C. "Die Mennoniten und ihre Bedeutung fur die Kultur in Nassau." Annalen des Vereins für Nassauische Altertumskunde und Geschichtsforschung XXVI (1894): 137-44.


Author(s) Ernst Crous
Date Published 1959


Cite This Article

MLA style

Crous, Ernst. "Rheingau (Hessen, Germany)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 27 Aug 2016. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Rheingau_(Hessen,_Germany)&oldid=84510.

APA style

Crous, Ernst. (1959). Rheingau (Hessen, Germany). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 27 August 2016, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Rheingau_(Hessen,_Germany)&oldid=84510.




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Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Kitchener, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 315. All rights reserved.


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