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Rheingau, an area in the government district of Wiesbaden, formerly Nassau, Germany. As early as 1537 there was an Anabaptist congregation at Lorch, led by a bishop, Peter Nyerup of Calcar. Toward the end of the 18th century Amish families settled here around Eltville, the principal town of the area, but left after 1880. The Dutch [[Naamlijst der tegenwoordig in dienst zijnde predikanten der Mennoniten in de Vereenigde Nederlanden|Naamlijst]] (1765 ff.) names as preachers: Bäntz Güngerich in the Nassau-Siegen congregation; Valentin Dahlem and David Steiner in the Nassau-Usingen congregation (Mosbach near Wiesbaden); Peter Schantz, Hans Naftziger, and Peter Unsicher in the Nassau-Weilburg congregation. About 1830 a family of eight was living at the Eberbach monastery and another of the same size at Neuhof. In 1894 Spielmann (Annalen, 143) listed the following families: at Massenheim a Müller family of six; at Eschborn three families, 22 persons, named Dahlem, Hiestand, and Christoph; at Schafhof a Krehbiel (Staufer) family of five; at Wiesbaden three families, 16 persons, named Dahlem, Hüttwohl, and Steiner; at Rosenkoppel the Dahlem family of eight; at Schierstein a Gossmann family of seven; at Mosbach three families, 18 persons, named Borkholder, Kopper, and Kaltwasser. The statistics of Hesse-Nassau show for the Rheingau 22 Mennonites (Amish) in 1871, 29 in 1880, 6 in 1890, 5 in 1910, and one in 1925.

Bibliography

Correll, Ernst. Das schweizerische Taüfermennonitentum. Tübingen, 1925: 131 f.

Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. III, 487.

Mennonitische Blätter (1895): 19-21, 27-29, 36 f.

Naamlijst der tegenwoordig in dienst zijnde predikanten der Mennoniten in de vereenigde Nederlanden. Amsterdam. (Issues of 1765-1802).

Roth, F. W. E. "Zur Geschichte der Wiedertäufer am Mittelrhein, insbesonders im Rheingau." Mennonitische Blätter (1893): 89-91.

Spielmann, C. "Die Mennoniten und ihre Bedeutung fur die Kultur in Nassau." Annalen des Vereins für Nassauische Altertumskunde und Geschichtsforschung XXVI (1894): 137-44.


Author(s) Ernst Crous
Date Published 1959


Cite This Article

MLA style

Crous, Ernst. "Rheingau (Hessen, Germany)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 27 Dec 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Rheingau_(Hessen,_Germany)&oldid=84510.

APA style

Crous, Ernst. (1959). Rheingau (Hessen, Germany). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 27 December 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Rheingau_(Hessen,_Germany)&oldid=84510.




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Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 315. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.


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