Difference between revisions of "Oberschulze"

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Oberschulze (German for mayor or executive official) was the highest officer of the district or county (German, <em>[[Gebietsamt|Gebietsamt]]; </em>Russian <em>volost) </em>in the Mennonite settlements in [[Russia|Russia]], [[Manitoba (Canada)|Manitoba]], [[Mexico|Mexico]], and [[South America|South America]]. Each village had a mayor <em>([[Schulze |Schulze]]) </em>and all the villages of a single Mennonite settlement were administered by the Gebietsamt, of which the Oberschulze was the head. The position of the Oberschulze in civic matters was parallel to that of the elder in the spiritual realm (see also [[Government of Mennonites in Russia|Government of Mennonites in Russia]]).
 
Oberschulze (German for mayor or executive official) was the highest officer of the district or county (German, <em>[[Gebietsamt|Gebietsamt]]; </em>Russian <em>volost) </em>in the Mennonite settlements in [[Russia|Russia]], [[Manitoba (Canada)|Manitoba]], [[Mexico|Mexico]], and [[South America|South America]]. Each village had a mayor <em>([[Schulze |Schulze]]) </em>and all the villages of a single Mennonite settlement were administered by the Gebietsamt, of which the Oberschulze was the head. The position of the Oberschulze in civic matters was parallel to that of the elder in the spiritual realm (see also [[Government of Mennonites in Russia|Government of Mennonites in Russia]]).
 
The Oberschulzen of [[Chortitza Mennonite Settlement (Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)|Chortitza]] were Peter Siemens, 1801-1805; Nikolai Krahn and Peter Siemens, 1808-1823; Isaak Töws, Jacob Penner, Peter Löwen, and Jacob Bartsch, 1832-1838; Jakob von Kampen and Jacob Bartsch, 1841-1854; Johann Siemens, Jacob Dyck, Jakob Hamm, and Heinrich Martens, 1869-1872; Jakob Braun, Isaak Lehn, Peter Andres, and Johann Hildebrand, 1881-1887; Franz Thiessen, Peter Dyck, Heinrich Fröse, Kornelius Martens, Peter Koop, and Jacob Wiebe, 1905-1908; Johann Hübert and Jakob Wiebe, 1909.
 
  
 
Molotschna Oberschulzen were [[Wiens, Klaas Klaas (1768-1821)|Klaas Wiens]], 1804-1806; Johann Klassen, 1806-1809; Gerhard Reimer and Johann Klassen, 1812-1815; Peter Töws, Gerhard Enns, Johann Klassen (Orloff), Johann Klassen (Tiegerweide), and Johann Regehr, 1833-1842; Abraham Töws, 1842-1848; [[Friesen, David (19th century)|David Friesen]], 1848-1865; Franz Dyck, 1865-1867; Abraham Driedger and Kornelius Töws, 1868-1873; Abraham Wiebe, 1873-1879; Peter Dück and Klaas Enns, 1882-1885; Johann Enns, 1885-1889; Klaas Enns and Peter Neufeld, 1889-1899; Franz Nickel, 1899-1906; Dietrich Dyck, 1906-1910.
 
Molotschna Oberschulzen were [[Wiens, Klaas Klaas (1768-1821)|Klaas Wiens]], 1804-1806; Johann Klassen, 1806-1809; Gerhard Reimer and Johann Klassen, 1812-1815; Peter Töws, Gerhard Enns, Johann Klassen (Orloff), Johann Klassen (Tiegerweide), and Johann Regehr, 1833-1842; Abraham Töws, 1842-1848; [[Friesen, David (19th century)|David Friesen]], 1848-1865; Franz Dyck, 1865-1867; Abraham Driedger and Kornelius Töws, 1868-1873; Abraham Wiebe, 1873-1879; Peter Dück and Klaas Enns, 1882-1885; Johann Enns, 1885-1889; Klaas Enns and Peter Neufeld, 1889-1899; Franz Nickel, 1899-1906; Dietrich Dyck, 1906-1910.
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= Bibliography =
 
= Bibliography =
 
Friesen, Peter M. <em>Die Alt-Evangelische Mennonitische Brüderschaft in Russland (1789-1910) im Rahmen der mennonitischen Gesamtgeschichte</em>. Halbstadt: Verlagsgesellschaft "Raduga", 1911: 678 ff.
 
Friesen, Peter M. <em>Die Alt-Evangelische Mennonitische Brüderschaft in Russland (1789-1910) im Rahmen der mennonitischen Gesamtgeschichte</em>. Halbstadt: Verlagsgesellschaft "Raduga", 1911: 678 ff.
 +
= Additional Information =
 +
The Oberschulzen of [[Chortitza Mennonite Settlement (Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)|Chortitza]] were:
 +
{| {{table}}
 +
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Oberschulz'''
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| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Years'''
 +
|-
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| Peter Siemens (1765-1847)||1801-1805
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|-
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| Nicholas Krahn (b. 1754)||1805-1808
 +
|-
 +
| Peter Siemens (1765-1847)||1808-1823
 +
|-
 +
| Isaac Toews (1774-1831)||1823-1826
 +
|-
 +
| Jacob Penner (b. 1787?)||1826-1829
 +
|-
 +
| Peter Loewen (b. 1775)||1829-1832
 +
|-
 +
| Jacob Bartsch (1797-1877)||1832-1838
 +
|-
 +
| Jacob von Kampen (1793-1867)||1838-1841
 +
|-
 +
| Jacob Bartsch (1797-1877)||1841-1854
 +
|-
 +
| Johann Siemens (1816-1857)||1854-1857
 +
|-
 +
| Jacob Dyck (1811-1875)||1857-1866
 +
|-
 +
| Jacob Hamm||1866-1869
 +
|-
 +
| Heinrich Martens||1869-1872
 +
|-
 +
| Jacob Braun (1829-1894)||1872-1875
 +
|-
 +
| Isaac Lehn (1829-1896)||1875-1878
 +
|-
 +
| Peter Andres (1828-1908)||1878-1881
 +
|-
 +
| Johann Hildebrandt (1828-1905)||1881-1887
 +
|-
 +
| Franz Thiessen (1832-1892)||1887-1890
 +
|-
 +
| Peter Dyck (1837-1907)||1890-1893
 +
|-
 +
| Heinrich Froese (1834-1900)||1893-1896
 +
|-
 +
| Peter Thiessen (1852-1918)||1896-1899
 +
|-
 +
| Kornelius Martens (1857-1921)||1899-1902
 +
|-
 +
| Peter Koop (1865-1936)||1902-1905
 +
|-
 +
| Jacob Wiebe (b. 1859)||1905-1908
 +
|-
 +
| Johann Hiebert||1908-1909
 +
|-
 +
| Jacob Wiebe (b. 1859)||1909-1911
 +
|-
 +
| Abraham Paetkau (1874-1941)||1911-1914
 +
|-
 +
| Johann Martens (1871-1955)||1914-1917
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|-
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| Peter Hildebrandt||1917-1917
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|-
 +
| Peter Ens||1917-1919
 +
|}
 
{{GAMEO_footer|hp=Vol. 4, pp. 14-15|date=1959|a1_last=Krahn|a1_first=Cornelius|a2_last= |a2_first= }}
 
{{GAMEO_footer|hp=Vol. 4, pp. 14-15|date=1959|a1_last=Krahn|a1_first=Cornelius|a2_last= |a2_first= }}

Revision as of 07:25, 10 July 2016

Oberschulze (German for mayor or executive official) was the highest officer of the district or county (German, Gebietsamt; Russian volost) in the Mennonite settlements in Russia, Manitoba, Mexico, and South America. Each village had a mayor (Schulze) and all the villages of a single Mennonite settlement were administered by the Gebietsamt, of which the Oberschulze was the head. The position of the Oberschulze in civic matters was parallel to that of the elder in the spiritual realm (see also Government of Mennonites in Russia).

Molotschna Oberschulzen were Klaas Wiens, 1804-1806; Johann Klassen, 1806-1809; Gerhard Reimer and Johann Klassen, 1812-1815; Peter Töws, Gerhard Enns, Johann Klassen (Orloff), Johann Klassen (Tiegerweide), and Johann Regehr, 1833-1842; Abraham Töws, 1842-1848; David Friesen, 1848-1865; Franz Dyck, 1865-1867; Abraham Driedger and Kornelius Töws, 1868-1873; Abraham Wiebe, 1873-1879; Peter Dück and Klaas Enns, 1882-1885; Johann Enns, 1885-1889; Klaas Enns and Peter Neufeld, 1889-1899; Franz Nickel, 1899-1906; Dietrich Dyck, 1906-1910.

In 1870 a new district was organized known as "Gnadenfeld," where the following served as Oberschulze: Wilhelm Ewert, 1870-1871; Franz Penner, 1871; Peter Ewert, Gerhard Fast, and David Unruh, 1878-1887; Gerhard Dürksen, 1887-1904; Jacob Dürksen, 1904-1910.

Bibliography

Friesen, Peter M. Die Alt-Evangelische Mennonitische Brüderschaft in Russland (1789-1910) im Rahmen der mennonitischen Gesamtgeschichte. Halbstadt: Verlagsgesellschaft "Raduga", 1911: 678 ff.

Additional Information

The Oberschulzen of Chortitza were:

Oberschulz Years
Peter Siemens (1765-1847) 1801-1805
Nicholas Krahn (b. 1754) 1805-1808
Peter Siemens (1765-1847) 1808-1823
Isaac Toews (1774-1831) 1823-1826
Jacob Penner (b. 1787?) 1826-1829
Peter Loewen (b. 1775) 1829-1832
Jacob Bartsch (1797-1877) 1832-1838
Jacob von Kampen (1793-1867) 1838-1841
Jacob Bartsch (1797-1877) 1841-1854
Johann Siemens (1816-1857) 1854-1857
Jacob Dyck (1811-1875) 1857-1866
Jacob Hamm 1866-1869
Heinrich Martens 1869-1872
Jacob Braun (1829-1894) 1872-1875
Isaac Lehn (1829-1896) 1875-1878
Peter Andres (1828-1908) 1878-1881
Johann Hildebrandt (1828-1905) 1881-1887
Franz Thiessen (1832-1892) 1887-1890
Peter Dyck (1837-1907) 1890-1893
Heinrich Froese (1834-1900) 1893-1896
Peter Thiessen (1852-1918) 1896-1899
Kornelius Martens (1857-1921) 1899-1902
Peter Koop (1865-1936) 1902-1905
Jacob Wiebe (b. 1859) 1905-1908
Johann Hiebert 1908-1909
Jacob Wiebe (b. 1859) 1909-1911
Abraham Paetkau (1874-1941) 1911-1914
Johann Martens (1871-1955) 1914-1917
Peter Hildebrandt 1917-1917
Peter Ens 1917-1919


Author(s) Cornelius Krahn
Date Published 1959


Cite This Article

MLA style

Krahn, Cornelius. "Oberschulze." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 27 May 2018. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Oberschulze&oldid=134897.

APA style

Krahn, Cornelius. (1959). Oberschulze. Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 27 May 2018, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Oberschulze&oldid=134897.




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Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, pp. 14-15. All rights reserved.


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