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Nikolaifeld (Nikolaipol) was a village in which the administration (volost) of the Yazekovo Mennonite settlement, near Chortitza, Russia, was located. The village was established in 1869 and had 4,300 acres of land in 1918, and under the Soviet regime as a collective farm 2,650 acres. In 1914 the population was 221; in 1941 it was 610. Thirteen persons were murdered in 1919, three starved to death in 1933-1934, and 113 were exiled during 1929-1941. During the German occupation of the Ukraine in 1941-1943 the economic and cultural life was somewhat revived. When the Germans withdrew, the population was evacuated to Germany, whence probably half of it was returned to Russia by the Russian army, and the other half found its way to America.

Bibliography

Stumpp, Karl. Bericht über das Gebiet Chortitza: im Generalbezirk Dnjepropetrowsk. Berlin: Publikationsstelle Ost, 1943.


Author(s) Cornelius Krahn
Date Published 1957


Cite This Article

MLA style

Krahn, Cornelius. "Nikolaifeld (Yazykovo Mennonite Settlement, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 21 Oct 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Nikolaifeld_(Yazykovo_Mennonite_Settlement,_Zaporizhia_Oblast,_Ukraine)&oldid=76367.

APA style

Krahn, Cornelius. (1957). Nikolaifeld (Yazykovo Mennonite Settlement, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 21 October 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Nikolaifeld_(Yazykovo_Mennonite_Settlement,_Zaporizhia_Oblast,_Ukraine)&oldid=76367.




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Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 880. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.


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