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Detailed map of Niederausmass and Oberausmass, ca. 1911.
Source: Archiwum Map Zachodniej Polski
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Niederausmass (now Dolne Wymiary, Poland)
Source: Wikipedia Commons
Oberausmass (now Górne Wymiary, Poland)
Source: Wikipedia Commons

Niederausmass (also known as Nieder Ausmaaß, Nieder Ausmaß, Niederuasmaaß, and Niederausmaß, now known as Dolne Wymiary; coordinates: 53.39, 18.5383 [53° 24′ 0″ N, 18° 32′ 0″ E]; population in 1852, 278, in 1905, 353), lies 9 kilometres (6 miles) north-east of Chełmno (Culm), 42 km. (26 miles) north of Toruń, and 48 km. (30 miles) north-east of Bydgoszcz. Oberausmass (also known as Ober Ausmaaß, Ober Ausmaß, Oberausmaaß, and Oberausmaß, now known as Górne Wymiary; coordinates: 53.385, 18.503889 [53° 23′ 6″ N, 18° 30′ 14″ E]; population in 1852, 260, in 1905, 347), lies approximately 6 kilometres (4 miles) east of Chełmno (Culm), 40 km. (25 miles) north of Toruń, and 45 km. (28 miles) north-east of Bydgoszcz.

These two villages in West Prussia, Germany (Polish before 1772 and after 1919), belonging to the territory of the city of Culm (now Chełmno, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland), were largely inhabited by Dutch families who settled there shortly after 1600. Most of them may have been Mennonites. Niederausmass was a Mennonite village belonging to the Schönsee congregation and had a Mennonite school.

[edit] Bibliography

"Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Hans-Jürgen Wolf. Web. 29 September 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de.

Mennonite Life 10  (April 1955): 76, 78.

Wiebe, H. Das Siedlungswerk niederlandischer Mennoniten im Weichseltal. Marburg  a. d. Lahn, 1952: 13, 33, 97.

Wikipedia. "Dolne Wymiary." Web. 30 September 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolne_Wymiary.

Wikipedia. "Górne Wymiary." Web. 30 September 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Górne Wymiary.

[edit] Maps

Map:Dolne Wymiary (Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland) Map:Górne Wymiary (Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)


Author(s) Nanne van der Zijpp
Richard D. Thiessen
Date Published September 2012


[edit] Cite This Article

MLA style

Zijpp, Nanne van der and Richard D. Thiessen. "Niederausmass and Oberausmass (Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. September 2012. Web. 22 Nov 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Niederausmass_and_Oberausmass_(Kuyavian-Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=124405.

APA style

Zijpp, Nanne van der and Richard D. Thiessen. (September 2012). Niederausmass and Oberausmass (Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 22 November 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Niederausmass_and_Oberausmass_(Kuyavian-Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=124405.




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Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 874. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.


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