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Detailed map of Niederausmass and Oberausmass, ca. 1911.
Source: Archiwum Map Zachodniej Polski
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Niederausmass (now Dolne Wymiary, Poland)
Source: Wikipedia Commons
Oberausmass (now Górne Wymiary, Poland)
Source: Wikipedia Commons

Niederausmass (also known as Nieder Ausmaaß, Nieder Ausmaß, Niederuasmaaß, and Niederausmaß, now known as Dolne Wymiary; coordinates: 53.39, 18.5383 [53° 24′ 0″ N, 18° 32′ 0″ E]; population in 1852, 278, in 1905, 353), lies 9 kilometres (6 miles) north-east of Chełmno (Culm), 42 km. (26 miles) north of Toruń, and 48 km. (30 miles) north-east of Bydgoszcz. Oberausmass (also known as Ober Ausmaaß, Ober Ausmaß, Oberausmaaß, and Oberausmaß, now known as Górne Wymiary; coordinates: 53.385, 18.503889 [53° 23′ 6″ N, 18° 30′ 14″ E]; population in 1852, 260, in 1905, 347), lies approximately 6 kilometres (4 miles) east of Chełmno (Culm), 40 km. (25 miles) north of Toruń, and 45 km. (28 miles) north-east of Bydgoszcz.

These two villages in West Prussia, Germany (Polish before 1772 and after 1919), belonging to the territory of the city of Culm (now Chełmno, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland), were largely inhabited by Dutch families who settled there shortly after 1600. Most of them may have been Mennonites. Niederausmass was a Mennonite village belonging to the Schönsee congregation and had a Mennonite school.

[edit] Bibliography

"Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Hans-Jürgen Wolf. Web. 29 September 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de.

Mennonite Life 10  (April 1955): 76, 78.

Wiebe, H. Das Siedlungswerk niederlandischer Mennoniten im Weichseltal. Marburg  a. d. Lahn, 1952: 13, 33, 97.

Wikipedia. "Dolne Wymiary." Web. 30 September 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolne_Wymiary.

Wikipedia. "Górne Wymiary." Web. 30 September 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Górne Wymiary.

[edit] Maps

Map:Dolne Wymiary (Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland) Map:Górne Wymiary (Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)


Author(s) Nanne van der Zijpp
Richard D. Thiessen
Date Published September 2012


[edit] Cite This Article

MLA style

Zijpp, Nanne van der and Richard D. Thiessen. "Niederausmass and Oberausmass (Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. September 2012. Web. 30 Jul 2016. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Niederausmass_and_Oberausmass_(Kuyavian-Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=124405.

APA style

Zijpp, Nanne van der and Richard D. Thiessen. (September 2012). Niederausmass and Oberausmass (Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 30 July 2016, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Niederausmass_and_Oberausmass_(Kuyavian-Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=124405.




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Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Kitchener, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 874. All rights reserved.


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