Neulanghorst (also known as Neulaughorster Weide; now known as Orliniec; coordinates: 54.2038, 19.222 [54° 12′ 13″ N, 19° 13′ 19″ E]; population in 1905, 127; in 2012, 110) is located approximately 8 kilometres (5 miles) east of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof), 11 km. (7 mi.) north-west of Elbląg (Elbing), 22 km. (14 mi.) north-east of Malbork (Marienburg), and 43 km. (27 mi.) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk (Danzig). It was situated south-east of Walldorf and Ober-Walldorf, south-west of Klein Mausdorferweide, north of Lakendorf, and north-east of Rosenort and Blumenort.
Neulanghorst was founded between 1703 and 1706. Until 1772 Neulanghorst was part of the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province in 1773, called West Prussia, in which Neulanghorst was located. Neulanghorst was situated in the district (Kreis) of Elbing until the establishment of the Free City of Danzig in 1920. The village came under the control of Nazi Germany during World War II until February 1945, when it was occupied by Soviet forces and returned to Poland. In 2012 Neulanghorst (now Orliniec) was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Nowy Dwór Gdański, within Nowy Dwór Gdański County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland.
The 1776 Prussian census lists 13 Mennonite families in Neulanghorst with the following surnames: Barg, Brand, Doloeski, Driedger, Fast, Friesen, Martens, Neufeldt, Pauls, Peters, Wiens, and Zacharias. In 1820, the village had 166 residents, including 40 Mennonites.
Mennonites who were residents of Neulanghorst were members of the Rosenort Mennonite Church.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Orliniec." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 20 November 2012. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=407&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Orliniec, Pomeranian Voivodeship." Web. 20 November 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orliniec,_Pomeranian_Voivodeship.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 20 November 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=4686.
|Author(s)||Richard D Thiessen|
|Date Published||November 2012|
 Cite This Article
Thiessen, Richard D. "Neulanghorst (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. November 2012. Web. 7 Feb 2016. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Neulanghorst_(Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=124528.
Thiessen, Richard D. (November 2012). Neulanghorst (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 7 February 2016, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Neulanghorst_(Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=124528.
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