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Merianders (or Meerlanders, i.e., Moravians) were said to have founded a small congregation near Aachen, Germany. They were "standing by themselves" and practiced communism, calling themselves the "Dutch congregation." Apparently this account concerned a congregation of Hutterites at Aachen, which was founded there by Hans Raiffer in 1557. A note concerning these "Merlanders" is found in Nicolai's insertions in the Dutch edition of Bullinger's Der Widertöufferen Ursprung. Nicolai calls them also "Apostolic Anabaptists." In 1612 Elder Jan Gerritsz of Danzig identified the Merlanders as Hutterites.


Cramer, Samuel and Fredrik Pijper. Bibliotheca Reformatoria Neerlandica. 10 v. The Hague: M. Nijhoff, 1903-1914: VII, 461, 467.

Hoop Scheffer, Jacob Gijsbert de. Inventaris der Archiefstukken berustende bij de Vereenigde Doopsgezinde Gemeente to Amsterdam. 2 v. Amsterdam: Uitgegeven en ten geschenke aangeboden door den Kerkeraad dier Gemeente, 1883-1884: II, No. 2926.

Author(s) Nanne van der Zijpp
Date Published 1957

Cite This Article

MLA style

van der Zijpp, Nanne. "Merlanders." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 26 Apr 2017.

APA style

van der Zijpp, Nanne. (1957). Merlanders. Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 26 April 2017, from

Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Kitchener, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, pp. 655-656. All rights reserved.

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