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[[File:ME3_543.jpg|300px|thumb|right|''Maurice, Prince of Orange  
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[[File:ME3_543.jpg|300px|thumb|right|''Maurice, Prince of Orange
  
Source: [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page Wikipedia Commons] Wikipedia Commons 
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Source: [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page Wikipedia Commons] '']]      Maurice of Nassau (<em>Maurits van Nassau</em>): Prince of Orange; born 14 November 1567, the son of [[William I, Prince of Orange (1533-1584)|William the Silent]] and his second wife Anna of [[Saxony|Saxony]] (the daughter of [[Maurice, Elector of Saxony (1521-1553)|Elector Maurice of Saxony]]). After the death of his father in 1584, Maurice succeeded him as stadtholder of Holland and Zeeland, and in 1590 he became stadtholder of Utrecht, Guelders and Overijssel. He became stadtholder of Groningen in 1620, and succeeded his older brother Philip William as Prince of Orange in 1618. Maurice died 23 April 1625 and was succeeded in most of the Dutch provinces by his youngest brother, Frederick Henry.
 
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'']]      Maurice of Nassau (<em>Maurits van Nassau</em>): Prince of Orange; born 14 November 1567, the son of [[William I, Prince of Orange (1533-1584)|William the Silent]] and his second wife Anna of [[Saxony|Saxony]] (the daughter of [[Maurice, Elector of Saxony (1521-1553)|Elector Maurice of Saxony]]). After the death of his father in 1584, Maurice succeeded him as stadtholder of Holland and Zeeland, and in 1590 he became stadtholder of Utrecht, Guelders and Overijssel. He became stadtholder of Groningen in 1620, and succeeded his older brother Philip William as Prince of Orange in 1618. Maurice died 23 April 1625 and was succeeded in most of the Dutch provinces by his youngest brother, Frederick Henry.
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Maurice continued the struggle with Spain with vigor, displaying more talent as a general than as a statesman. In his later years he was a fanatical Calvinist, though probably from political rather than religious considerations, and as such he persecuted the [[Remonstrants|Remonstrants]]. Toward the Mennonites he was tolerant. When the magistrate of [[Middelburg (Zeeland, Netherlands)|Middelburg]] oppressed the Mennonites living in that city, and Maillaert de Poorter and Joost Leonisse (Joos Loysen) in the name of the Mennonites appealed to the prince, he wrote a letter dated 4 March 1593 ordering the Middelburg authorities to leave to the Mennonites all the liberties his father had granted them. As Duke of Mörs and Lord of Krefeld, he also protected the Mennonites of this area in 1622 against his bailiff Sterckenburg, who wanted to execute the Mennonites of [[Krefeld (Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany)|Krefeld]] for holding meetings.
 
Maurice continued the struggle with Spain with vigor, displaying more talent as a general than as a statesman. In his later years he was a fanatical Calvinist, though probably from political rather than religious considerations, and as such he persecuted the [[Remonstrants|Remonstrants]]. Toward the Mennonites he was tolerant. When the magistrate of [[Middelburg (Zeeland, Netherlands)|Middelburg]] oppressed the Mennonites living in that city, and Maillaert de Poorter and Joost Leonisse (Joos Loysen) in the name of the Mennonites appealed to the prince, he wrote a letter dated 4 March 1593 ordering the Middelburg authorities to leave to the Mennonites all the liberties his father had granted them. As Duke of Mörs and Lord of Krefeld, he also protected the Mennonites of this area in 1622 against his bailiff Sterckenburg, who wanted to execute the Mennonites of [[Krefeld (Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany)|Krefeld]] for holding meetings.

Revision as of 14:09, 23 August 2013

Maurice, Prince of Orange Source: Wikipedia Commons
Maurice of Nassau (Maurits van Nassau): Prince of Orange; born 14 November 1567, the son of William the Silent and his second wife Anna of Saxony (the daughter of Elector Maurice of Saxony). After the death of his father in 1584, Maurice succeeded him as stadtholder of Holland and Zeeland, and in 1590 he became stadtholder of Utrecht, Guelders and Overijssel. He became stadtholder of Groningen in 1620, and succeeded his older brother Philip William as Prince of Orange in 1618. Maurice died 23 April 1625 and was succeeded in most of the Dutch provinces by his youngest brother, Frederick Henry.

Maurice continued the struggle with Spain with vigor, displaying more talent as a general than as a statesman. In his later years he was a fanatical Calvinist, though probably from political rather than religious considerations, and as such he persecuted the Remonstrants. Toward the Mennonites he was tolerant. When the magistrate of Middelburg oppressed the Mennonites living in that city, and Maillaert de Poorter and Joost Leonisse (Joos Loysen) in the name of the Mennonites appealed to the prince, he wrote a letter dated 4 March 1593 ordering the Middelburg authorities to leave to the Mennonites all the liberties his father had granted them. As Duke of Mörs and Lord of Krefeld, he also protected the Mennonites of this area in 1622 against his bailiff Sterckenburg, who wanted to execute the Mennonites of Krefeld for holding meetings.

Bibliography

Brandt, G. Historie der Reformatie I. 2nd ed. Amsterdam, 1677: 780 f. where the letter of 1598 is found in full.

Cate, Steven Blaupot ten. Geschiedenis der Doopsgezinden in Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht en Gelderland. 2 v. Amsterdam: P.N. van Kampen, 1847: v. I, 214.

Doopsgezinde Bijdragen (1908): 40.

Doopsgezinde Jaarboekje (1930): 136, note 1.

Der Mennonit IX, No. 7 (July 1956): 107.

Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. III, 167.


Author(s) Nanne van der Zijpp
Richard D. Thiessen
Date Published October 2007


Cite This Article

MLA style

van der Zijpp, Nanne and Richard D. Thiessen. "Maurice, Prince of Orange (1567-1625)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. October 2007. Web. 20 Apr 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Maurice,_Prince_of_Orange_(1567-1625)&oldid=92661.

APA style

van der Zijpp, Nanne and Richard D. Thiessen. (October 2007). Maurice, Prince of Orange (1567-1625). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 20 April 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Maurice,_Prince_of_Orange_(1567-1625)&oldid=92661.




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Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 543. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.


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