Lundenburg (Czech: Břeclav, Jihomoravský kraj) is a city on the border between Moravia and Lower Austria (population over 30,000 in 2007; 10,371 in 1957). The whole vicinity of Lundenburg, in the possession of the barons of Zierotin who were friendly to the Anabaptists, became one of the most important Anabaptist settlements. Some of the chronicles give 1543, others 1545 as the year of the founding of the Lundenburg Hutterite Bruderhof. It was set up in a house purchased from the barons and in the shoemaker’s house "where the bath (barbershop) is." The Lundenburg barber-surgeons soon enjoyed a wide reputation.
At about the same time Bruderhofs were set up in the immediate neighborhood in Altenmarkt, Kostel, Bilowitz, Schaikowitz, Saitz, Paulowitz, and other places. The prosperity of Lundenburg industry made it possible after a short time to purchase a second house near the Meierhof, which Bartholomaus von Zierotin gave over to the Hutterites.
Johann Jr. von Zierotin, who expelled them from his land in 1579 for refusing to pay taxes, recalled them after three days, and in 1580 even gave them a park and forest belonging to the Catholic prebend of Kostel, thereby involving himself in some difficulty with Pawlowsky, bishop of Olmutz. The Brethren of Lundenburg, Kostel, and Landshut greeted their new lord, Ladislaus Welen von Zierotin, with a gift of knives and majolica produced by their shops; the majolica was so beautiful that he sent it to his teacher Dr. Grynaus in Basel.
During the revolt this region suffered particularly severely; on 19-20 September 1619, imperial troops under Dampierre burned down the Bruderhofs, including the one in Lundenburg, having first plundered it and murdered about 20 men and women. On 10 November the army returned, plundered the castle, into which the Brethren had put some things for safekeeping, and the mill and brewery belonging to them; they stole the cattle and kidnapped the leaders. In 1621 new misfortune struck the Bruderhofs which had with great toil been partly rebuilt: destruction, robbery, compulsory military service, especially on Wallenstein’s orders, were the order of the day.
The expulsion of the Hutterites in 1621 annihilated the splendid settlements in this domain. The wish of Gundakar von Liechtenstein to employ a few Anabaptists was refused in 1624 by Cardinal Dietrichstein.
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Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. II, 701.
Loserth, Johann. "Der Communismus der mährischen Wiedertäufer im 16. and 17. Jahrhundert: Beiträge zu ihrer Lehre, Geschichte and Verfassung." Archiv für österreichische Geschichte 81, 1 (1895).
Preuss, Ludwig. Geschichte Lundenburgs. Jahresbericht des Communal-Gymnasiums in Lundenburg (1903/04)
Wolkan, Rudolf. Geschicht-Buch der Hutterischen Brüder. Macleod, AB, and Vienna, 1923.
Zieglschmid, A. J. F. Die älteste Chronik der Hutterischen Brüder: Ein Sprachdenkmal aus frühneuhochdeutscher Zeit Ithaca: Cayuga Press, 1943.
Cite This Article
Dedic, Paul. "Lundenburg (Jihomoravský kraj, Czech Republic)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 24 Jul 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Lundenburg_(Jihomoravsk%C3%BD_kraj,_Czech_Republic)&oldid=105913.
Dedic, Paul. (1957). Lundenburg (Jihomoravský kraj, Czech Republic). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 24 July 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Lundenburg_(Jihomoravsk%C3%BD_kraj,_Czech_Republic)&oldid=105913.
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