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The Levellers were an important political and religious movement in England (1647-1649) at the time of Cromwell, which, obviously influenced by Anabaptism, demanded absolute civil and religious liberty and the complete separation of church and state, but which finally degenerated into a passionate attack on the state and was therefore gradually suppressed. Pieter Cornelisz Plockhoy was associated with the Levellers.

[edit] Bibliography

Bernstein, Eduard. Cromwell & communism: socialism and democracy in the great English revolution. London: Allen & Unwin, 1930..

Harder, Leland and Marvin Harder. Plockhoy from Zurik-zee; the study of a Dutch reformer in Puritan England and colonial America. and M. Plockhoy from Zurik-zee. Newton, KS, Board of Education and Publication, 1952.

Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. II: 644.

Pease, Theodore Calvin. The Leveller movement : a study in the history and political theory of the English Great Civil War. Washington : American Historical Association, 1916.

Robertson, D. B. The Religious Foundations of Leveller Democracy. New York: King’s Crown Press, 1951.

Troeltsch, Ernst. The Social Teachings of the Christian Churches. New York: Macmillan, 1931.

Weingarten, Hermann. Die Revolutionskirchen Englands ein Beitrag zur inneren Geschichte der englischen Kirche und der Reformation. Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel, 1868.

Author(s) Christian Neff
Date Published 1957

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MLA style

Neff, Christian. "Levellers." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 29 Nov 2015.

APA style

Neff, Christian. (1957). Levellers. Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 29 November 2015, from

Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, pp. 329-330. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.

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