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Leuven (French, Louvain, German, Löwen) is the capital of the province of Flemish Brabant in Belgium (2001 population, 90,700; coordinates: 50° 53′ 0″ N, 4° 42′ 0″ E) and the seat of a Catholic university, which in the 16th century was a bulwark of Catholic orthodoxy, watching all kinds of heresy. Its theological faculty had eleven books by Erasmus put on the Index. A number of Dutch inquisitors fighting the Reformation, some of whom were very active against Anabaptism and Mennonitism, were educated at the Leuven University.

In Leuven there are but scant traces of Anabaptism: Anthoinette van Rosmers, executed at Leuven in 1543, who is said to have been an Anabaptist, was in fact Lutheran. Lemken is said to have preached here, but if this is true his results were insignificant. The eight persons burned at the stake at Leuven in January 1526 were apparently Sacramentists.


Bax, Willem. Het protestantisme in het bisdom Luik en vooral te Maastricht, 1557-1612. 's-Gravenhage, M. Nijhoff, 1941: passim.

Halkin, Léon-E. La Réforme en Bélgique sous Charles-Quint. Bruxelles: La Renaissance du livre, 1957: 44.


Map:Leuven, Vlaams-Brabant, Belgium

Author(s) Nanne van der Zijpp
Date Published 1959

Cite This Article

MLA style

van der Zijpp, Nanne. "Leuven (Vlaams-Brabant, Belgium)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 31 May 2016.,_Belgium)&oldid=95776.

APA style

van der Zijpp, Nanne. (1959). Leuven (Vlaams-Brabant, Belgium). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 31 May 2016, from,_Belgium)&oldid=95776.

Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 1102. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.

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