Leer (Niedersachsen, Germany)
The last lay preacher of the Flemish congregation at Leer resigned in 1728. For a few years the church was served by Dutch preachers (Doopsgezinde Bijdragen, 1896: 147). Then Cornelius van Campen, also an untrained preacher, was called and ordained as an elder. In the meantime the East Frisian churches centered more and more around Leer, especially in negotiating with the government in financial matters (Müller, 159 ff.). Van Campen introduced a church register, having received government permission to do so. At the same time Norden was also ordered to keep a church record (Müller, 1710). After van Campen (1729-1763) the following served the congregation as pastors: Reinhard Rahusen of Hamburg, 1763-1785; P. Beets, 1785-1789; Hendrick Janssen, 1789-1829; P. Feenstra, 1829-1836; J. Leendertz, 1837-1877; A. G. van Gilse, 1878-1890; and S. F. van der Ploeg, 1891-1920.
The membership of both the Old Flemish and the Flemish congregations always was small. The Old Flemish congregation numbered about 50 baptized members in 1710, 40 in 1733, and 29 in 1754. Of the Flemish congregation there are no figures available before the merger of 1767. The united congregation numbered about 50 baptized members in 1780, 59 in 1840, 73 in 1861, 57 in 1898, ca. 20 in 1935, and 43 in 1955.
After 1920 the pulpit was not filled, and the congregation affiliated with the Mennonite church at Emden, A. Fast serving as pastor here as well as at Emden. After the destruction of Emden in World War II, Pastor Fast made his residence in Leer for a time. The Leer church was incorporated in 1908 and is a member of the Vereinigung. Earlier it had become a member of the Dutch Algemene Doopsgezinde Sociëteit and other Dutch Mennonite associations, and drew its preachers largely from Holland.
Cate, Gerhardus ten. Geslachtslijst van de familie Vissering. n. p., 1903.
Cate, Steven Blaupot ten. Geschiedenis der Doopsgezinden in Groningen, Overijssel en Oost-Friesland, 2 vols. Leeuwarden: W. Eekhoff en J. B. Wolters, 1842. 1 and 2, passim, see Index.
Doopsgezinde Bijdragen (1879) 8; (1902): 226.
Doopsgezind Jaarboekje (1840): 46.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. II, 627f.
Hoop Scheffer, Jacob Gijsbert de. Inventaris der Archiefstukken berustende bij de Vereenigde Doopsgezinde Gemeente to Amsterdam, 2 vols. Amsterdam: Uitgegeven en ten geschenke aangeboden door den Kerkeraad dier Gemeente, 1883-1884. v. II, ,No's. 2794 f.
Müller, J. P. Die Mennoniten in Ostfriesland. Amsterdam, 1887.
Naamlijst der tegenwoordig in dienst zijnde predikanten der Mennoniten in de vereenigde Nederlanden. Amsterdam, 1731 ff.
|Author(s)||Nanne van der Zijpp|
Cite This Article
Zijpp, Nanne van der. "Leer (Niedersachsen, Germany)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 22 Sep 2017. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Leer_(Niedersachsen,_Germany)&oldid=119031.
Zijpp, Nanne van der. (1957). Leer (Niedersachsen, Germany). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 22 September 2017, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Leer_(Niedersachsen,_Germany)&oldid=119031.
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