Kromau (Czech, Moravský Krumlov) is a town (pop. 6,000, 2005 est.) in western Moravia, of German and Czech stock. During the Reformation it was the center of the domain of Berthold von Lipa, who also possessed the Göding domain. In both domains he favored Anabaptism, so that several Bruderhofs arose here. By orders from Vienna he was compelled to expel them in 1534; but in 1545, 46 new settlements were made at Kromau, Rackschitz, Schackwitz, Gurdau, Kobelitz, Pavlovitz. During the persecution of 1550 they had much to endure, and some had to leave temporarily, but later were permitted to develop undisturbed. In 1622 the Bruderhofs here suffered severely at the hands of imperial troops; 500 men of the Löbel regiment were quartered in Kromau and Eibenschitz (Ivancice). The confiscated domain became the property of Gundakar von Liechtenstein.
The Bruderhof at Kromau was paid a visit in 1620 by King Frederick of the Palatinate on his way to Brno. He writes about it to his consort on 6 February, saying that the Brethren had given him specimens of their artistic products, including a splendid iron bedstead, a quantity of knives, and beautifully stitched gloves; for the queen they had given him very lovely china (see Ceramics); if they were living nearer Prague he would visit them frequently.
Aretin, Chr von. Beyträge zur literärischen Geschichte der Wünschelruthe VII. Munich, 1806.
Beck, Josef. Die Geschichts-Bücher der Wiedertäufer in Oesterreich-Ungarn. Vienna, 1883; reprinted Nieuwkoop: De Graaf, 1967.
Dedic, Paul. "Die religiösen und kirchl. Verhaltnisse in Mahren." Unpublished manuscript.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. II, 576.
Loserth, Johann. "Der Communismus der mährischen Wiedertäufer im 16. and 17. Jahrhundert: Beiträge zu ihrer Lehre, Geschichte and Verfassung." Archiv für österreichische Geschichte 81, 1 (1895).
Schmidt, J. Hist. soc. Jesu prov. Boh. VII. Prague, 1754.
Wolkan, Rudolf. Geschicht-Buch der Hutterischen Brüder. Macleod, AB, and Vienna, 1923.
Cite This Article
Dedic, Paul. "Kromau (Jihomoravský kraj, Czech Republic)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 25 Jan 2015. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Kromau_(Jihomoravsk%C3%BD_kraj,_Czech_Republic)&oldid=103261.
Dedic, Paul. (1957). Kromau (Jihomoravský kraj, Czech Republic). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 25 January 2015, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Kromau_(Jihomoravsk%C3%BD_kraj,_Czech_Republic)&oldid=103261.
Herald Press website.
©1996-2015 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.