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Heinz Kraut, an Anabaptist martyr, was a tailor in Esperstedt near Frankenhausen in Thuringia, Germany. He was baptized by Alexander, the Anabaptist leader of Thuringia, whose position he fell heir to when Alexander was put to death. In 1530 he was seized, purchased his freedom by recanting, but immediately joined them again, becoming a very successful "apostle." He traveled as far as Moravia to visit the believers (Jacobs, 440). On 20 November 1535 he was captured in the home of Hans Peisker, a miller. Peisker, Kraut, and Jobst Möller were given several hearings before Cruciger and Melanchthon, and were beheaded at Jena on 26 January 1536.

See Möller, Jobst, for extended account


Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. II, 558.

Jacobs, E. "Die Wiedertäufer am Harz." Zeitschrift des Harzvereins 32 (1899): 445 f.

Wappler, Paul. Die Täuferbewegung in Thüringen von 1526-1584. Jena: Gustav Fisher, 1913.

Author(s) Christian Neff
Date Published 1957

Cite This Article

MLA style

Neff, Christian. "Kraut, Heinz (d. 1536)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 27 Oct 2016.,_Heinz_(d._1536)&oldid=95652.

APA style

Neff, Christian. (1957). Kraut, Heinz (d. 1536). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 27 October 2016, from,_Heinz_(d._1536)&oldid=95652.

Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Kitchener, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 234. All rights reserved.

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