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Kalkwijk is a canal near Hoogezand in the Dutch province of Groningen, Netherlands, where there are a number of small farms. This hamlet, originally called Oude Friesche Compagnie (Old Frisian Company), was founded in 1631 by some peat-farmers, mostly Mennonites, who had come from the environs of Heerenveen, Friesland. During the 17th century, about 1670, a number of Mennonites from the Palatinate, Germany, are said to have settled here, but concerning these "Palsters" no further information was available. The name Kalkwijk, according to an old tradition, is derived from the Swiss Mennonite Kalken family, which settled here in 1711. Others are of opinion that the name Kalkwijk originated from a lime (Dutch: kalk) found here, which was owned by a Mennonite family, later called Calkema. It was at Kalkwijk, too, that the Swiss emigrant Samuel Peter (Maihusen), the ancestor of the Dutch Mennonite Meihuizen family, settled in 1714.

[edit] Bibliography

Doopsgezind Jaarboekje (1932): 71.

Huizinga, J. Stamboek van Samuel Peter (Meihuizen) en Barbara Fry. Groningen, 1890: 43, 54 f.

Müller, Ernst. Geschichte der Bernischen Täufer. Frauenfeld: Huber, 1895. Reprinted Nieuwkoop : B. de Graaf, 1972: 322.


Author(s) Nanne van der Zijpp
Date Published 1957


[edit] Cite This Article

MLA style

Zijpp, Nanne van der. "Kalkwijk (Hoogezand-Sappemeer, Groningen, Netherlands)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 29 Dec 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Kalkwijk_(Hoogezand-Sappemeer,_Groningen,_Netherlands)&oldid=122533.

APA style

Zijpp, Nanne van der. (1957). Kalkwijk (Hoogezand-Sappemeer, Groningen, Netherlands). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 29 December 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Kalkwijk_(Hoogezand-Sappemeer,_Groningen,_Netherlands)&oldid=122533.




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Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 138. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.


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