Dirk van Hoogstraten (1596-1640) and his brother Samuel were two Dutch painters. Dirk was a grandson of Francois van Hoogstraten, who emigrated from Antwerp
, on account of his Mennonitism and settled in Dordrecht
, Dutch province of South Holland, where Dirk was born. Dirk was one of the few painters who joined the Anabaptists
. He was at first a silversmith, but after a journey through Germany
he felt drawn to painting and engraving. Of his works only a few have been preserved. One of his pictures, "Mary and her Mother and the Christ child," is in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam. Dirk van Hoogstraten was the father and teacher of the better-known painter Samuel van Hoogstraten (born 2 August 1627 at Dordrecht, died there 19 October 1678), who was also a disciple of Rembrandt
. On a long voyage in 1651-1654 he visited Rome and also Vienna. In 1662-1666 he was often in London. Dutch and foreign picture galleries possess pictures painted by him. He was the author of Inleyding tot de hooge Schoole der Schilderkonst, anders de zichtbare werelt
(Rotterdam, 1678). He also was the author of a song book and two tragedies. He was a member of the Dordrecht Mennonite congregation until he was banned for marrying outside the brotherhood. He then joined the Reformed Church. Frans van Hoogstraten, a son of Samuel, was a book dealer in Rotterdam; he too left the Mennonites about 1660 to become a Roman Catholic. Jan and David van Hoogstraten, sons of Frans, who were respectively a book dealer at Gouda and a medical doctor and senior master of a Latin school at Amsterdam, are known as poets.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. I, 467 f.; v. II, 344.
Kalff, Gerrit. Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche letterkunde. Groningen: J. B. Wolters, 1910: v. IV, 483, 568, 570.
Martin, W. De Hollandsche Schilderkunst in de 17e Eeuw. 3rd ed., Amsterdam, 1944: v. II, 299 f., et passim.
Molhuysen, P. C. and P. J. Blok. Nieuw Nederlandsch Biografisch Woordenboek. Leiden, 1911-1937: v. IV, 779; v. VIII, 831 f., 833, 836-838.
|| Nanne van der Zijpp
| Date Published
Cite This Article
Zijpp, Nanne van der. "Hoogstraten, Dirk van (1596-1640)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1956. Web. 19 Sep 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Hoogstraten,_Dirk_van_(1596-1640)&oldid=108050.
Zijpp, Nanne van der. (1956). Hoogstraten, Dirk van (1596-1640). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 19 September 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Hoogstraten,_Dirk_van_(1596-1640)&oldid=108050.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia
, Vol. 2, p. 806. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press
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