Gross Montau (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)
Gross Montau (also known as Muntau, Muntowo major, Muntowy, Mątwy, Wielkie Mątowy, Groß Montau; now known as Mątowy Wielkie; coordinates: 54.010556, 18.853333 [54° 0′ 38″ N, 18° 51′ 12″ E]; population in 1905, 483; in 2012, 353), is located approximately 5 kilometres (3 miles) west of Miłoradz (Mielenz), 13 km (8 mi) west of Malbork (Marienburg), and 43 km (27 mi) south of the regional capital Gdańsk (Danzig).
Originally, Gross Montau was inhabited by a Slavic population. The village received the Chełmno charter in 1321 and in 1340, the residents began the construction of a church; the parish was founded in 1383. Until 1772 Gross Montau was located in what was known as Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province in 1773, called West Prussia, in which Gross Montau was located. Gross Montau was situated in the district (Kreis) of Marienburg until the establishment of the Free City of Danzig in 1920. The village came under the control of Nazi Germany during World War II until February 1945, when it was occupied by Soviet forces and returned to Poland. In 2012 Gross Montau (now Mątowy Wielkie) was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Miłoradz, within Malbork County, Pomeranian Voivodeship.
Flooding of the area due to breaks in the dikes at Gross Montau occurred in 1786 and on 28 March 1855. Gross Montau was the birthplace of Saint Dorothea of Montau (1347-1394).
It appears as though Mennonites settled in Gross Montau only in the later part of the 19th century. In the 1935 list of Heubuden Mennonite Church members, only a few families resided in Gross Montau.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Mątowy Wielkie." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 8 October 2012. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=387&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Mątowy Wielkie." Web. 8 October 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mątowy_Wielkie.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 8 October 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de.
|Author(s)||Richard D Thiessen|
|Date Published||October 2012|
Cite This Article
Thiessen, Richard D. "Gross Montau (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. October 2012. Web. 24 Mar 2018. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Gross_Montau_(Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=81496.
Thiessen, Richard D. (October 2012). Gross Montau (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 24 March 2018, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Gross_Montau_(Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=81496.
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