Gross-Lunau, Klein-Lunau, and Horst, three villages in the territory of the city of Culm, formerly belonging to Poland, after 1772 to Prussia, and from 1919 to Poland again, situated on the right bank of the Vistula River, were all three Holländerdörfer, i.e., villages settled by Dutch Mennonite farmers, who moved here in 1604. (The first lease of 1604 was published in Wiebe, Das Siedlungswerk, 92-94.) They are said to have had a Mennonite school at Gross-Lunau shortly after 1604. A meetinghouse was available in the neighboring village of Schönsee. They were not allowed to proselytize among the Catholic natives or to build meetinghouses. Notwithstanding repeated floods and high rents the Mennonites became rather prosperous. About 1720 a mutual fire-insurance system was organized. In the last decade of the 18th century and the first of the 19th a number of Mennonites from these villages migrated to Russia.
Wiebe, Herbert. Das Siedlungswerk niederländischer Mennoniten im Weichseltal zwischen Fordon und Weissenberg bis zum Ausgang der 18. Jahrhunderts. Wissenschaftliche Beiträge zur Geschichte und Landeskunde Ost-Mitteleuropas, Nr. 3. Marburg a.d. Lahn: [s.n.], 1952: 13, 34 f., 36, 37, 65 (note 48), 82 f., 92-94, 95.
|Author(s)||Nanne van der Zijpp|
Cite This Article
Zijpp, Nanne van der. "Gross-Lunau, Klein-Lunau, Horst (Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1956. Web. 1 Mar 2015. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Gross-Lunau,_Klein-Lunau,_Horst_(Kuyavian-Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=107853.
Zijpp, Nanne van der. (1956). Gross-Lunau, Klein-Lunau, Horst (Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 1 March 2015, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Gross-Lunau,_Klein-Lunau,_Horst_(Kuyavian-Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=107853.
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