Until 1772 the village was located in what was known as Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province in 1773, called West Prussia, in which the village was located. The village was situated in the district (Kreis) of Elbing until the end of World War I, when it came under the jurisdiction of the German province of East Prussia. The village came under the control of Nazi Germany during World War II until February 1945, when it was occupied by Soviet forces and returned to Poland. In 2013 Wickerau (now Wikrowo) was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Pasłęk, within Elbląg County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship.
The 1776 Prussian census lists nine Mennonite families in Groß Wickerau with the following surnames: Allert, Dick, Epp, Gerbrand, Kettler, Klein, Schmidt, Steffen, and Warckentin. The same census lists 10 Mennonite families in Klein Wickerau with the following surnames: Claasen, Hiebert, Penner, von Riesen, Westerwick, Wiebe, and Wieler. In 1820 Groß Wickerau had 111 inhabitants, including 55 Mennonites, and Klein Wickerau had 104 inhabitants, including 37 Mennonites.
Mennonites who were residents of Groß Wickerau and Klein Wickerau were members of the Ellerwald Mennonite Church.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Wikrowo (Wikrowo Małe, Wikrowo Wielki, PGR Wikrowo)." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 2 February 2013. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=469&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Wikrowo, Gmina Pasłęk." Web. 2 February 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikrowo,_Gmina_Pasłęk.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 2 February 2013. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=3280.
|Author(s)||Richard D Thiessen|
|Date Published||February 2013|
Cite This Article
Thiessen, Richard D. "Groß Wickerau and Klein Wickerau (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. February 2013. Web. 14 Mar 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Gro%C3%9F_Wickerau_and_Klein_Wickerau_(Warmian-Masurian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=94985.
Thiessen, Richard D. (February 2013). Groß Wickerau and Klein Wickerau (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 14 March 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Gro%C3%9F_Wickerau_and_Klein_Wickerau_(Warmian-Masurian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=94985.
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