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Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle (Grandvelle), Lord of Granvelle (b. 20 August 1517, d. 21 September 1586), Roman Catholic bishop of Utrecht 1567, Archbishop of Mechelen and a cardinal, was one of the most influential advisers of Margaret, Duchess of Parma, since 1559 Regent of the Netherlands (both the present Netherlands and Belgium). He was an opponent of William of Orange and an ardent fighter of "heretics," both Calvinists and Anabaptists, and influenced the regent to maintain the imperial decrees and to take to drastic action. In a letter of 1566 he wrote: "If we should give freedom . . . to everyone to believe whatever he wishes, we would have not only 'Hugenots' (Calvinists) . . . but also several kinds of Anabaptists, whose intentions are very pernicious for the Republic (common cause) as one might see by what has happened during our memory at Münster and Amsterdam, and a hundred thousand other monstrous sects."


Bessern, P. Edits de Persecution contre les Anabaptistes des Pays-Bas . . . Bern-Neuchatel-Buenos Aires, n. d.: 25-27.

Schelven, A. A. van. Willem van Oranje. Haarlem, 1933: 67-99.

Author(s) Nanne van der Zijpp
Date Published 1957

Cite This Article

MLA style

van der Zijpp, Nanne. "Granvelle, Antoine Perrenot de (1517-1586)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 24 Apr 2017.,_Antoine_Perrenot_de_(1517-1586)&oldid=64588.

APA style

van der Zijpp, Nanne. (1957). Granvelle, Antoine Perrenot de (1517-1586). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 24 April 2017, from,_Antoine_Perrenot_de_(1517-1586)&oldid=64588.

Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Kitchener, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, p. 564. All rights reserved.

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