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Gelderland (Guelders) is a province of the Netherlands (1949 population, 1,057,941, with 3,403 Mennonites; 2006 population, 1,975,704), in which the Anabaptist movement found little footing in the first half of the 16th century, with the exception of the towns of Arnhem, Nijmegen, Zutphen, and Harderwijk, and the vicinity of Winterswijk. The number of congregations has always been small. In the 17th century there were still congregations at (Zalt) Bommel and at Harderwijk. The weakness of the movement here was doubtless due to the severe persecution by Duke Karel van Gelder, who issued a stern edict against them on 12 April 1539. The 1956 congregations in this province were at Apeldoorn, Arnhem, Nijmegen, Wageningen, Winterswijk, and Zutphen. The Brotherhood House of Elspeet is also in this province.

[edit] Bibliography

Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. II, 47.

Hoop Scheffer, Jacob Gijsbert de. Inventaris der Archiefstukken berustende bij de Vereenigde Doopsgezinde Gemeente to Amsterdam, 2 vols. Amsterdam: Uitgegeven en ten geschenke aangeboden door den Kerkeraad dier Gemeente, 1883-1884: I, Nos. 268, 291, 349.

Nederlands Archief voor Kerkgeschiedenis 10 (1913): 252 ff.

Author(s) Karel Vos
Date Published 1956

[edit] Cite This Article

MLA style

Vos, Karel. "Gelderland (Netherlands)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1956. Web. 27 Apr 2017.

APA style

Vos, Karel. (1956). Gelderland (Netherlands). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 27 April 2017, from

Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Kitchener, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, pp. 450-451. All rights reserved.

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